Effects of miscible diluent of poly(ether imide) on ring-banded morphology of poly(trimethylene terephthalate)

Eamor Woo, Pi Ling Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The melting, crystallization, and self-packed ring patterns in the spherulites of miscible blends comprising poly(trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT) and poly(ether imide) (PEI) were revealed by optical, scanning electron microscopies (PLM and SEM) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Morphology and melting behavior of the miscible PTT/PEI blends were compared with the neat PTT. Ringed spherulites appeared in the miscible PTT/PEI blends at all crystallization temperatures up to 220 °C, whereas at this high temperature no rings were seen in the neat PTT. A postulation was proposed, and interrelations between rings in spherulites and the multiple lamellae distributions were investigated. The specific interactions and the segregation of amorphous PEI were discussed for interpreting the morphological changes of 220 °C-melt-crystallized PTT/PEI samples. Interlamellar segregation of PEI might be associated with multiple lamellae in the spherulites of PTT/PEI blends; therefore, rings were more easily formed in the PTT/PEI blends at all crystallization temperatures. A postulated model of uneven lamellar growth, coupled with periodical spiraling, more properly describes the possible origin of ring bands from combined effects of both interactions and segregation between the amorphous PEI and PTT in blends.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-365
Number of pages9
JournalColloid and Polymer Science
Volume284
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Imides
terephthalate
diluents
imides
Ether
Ethers
ethers
rings
spherulites
Crystallization
lamella
crystallization
Melting
melting
poly(trimethylene terephthalate)
Scanning electron microscopy
scanning electron microscopy
Temperature
Differential scanning calorimetry
heat measurement

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "The melting, crystallization, and self-packed ring patterns in the spherulites of miscible blends comprising poly(trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT) and poly(ether imide) (PEI) were revealed by optical, scanning electron microscopies (PLM and SEM) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Morphology and melting behavior of the miscible PTT/PEI blends were compared with the neat PTT. Ringed spherulites appeared in the miscible PTT/PEI blends at all crystallization temperatures up to 220 °C, whereas at this high temperature no rings were seen in the neat PTT. A postulation was proposed, and interrelations between rings in spherulites and the multiple lamellae distributions were investigated. The specific interactions and the segregation of amorphous PEI were discussed for interpreting the morphological changes of 220 °C-melt-crystallized PTT/PEI samples. Interlamellar segregation of PEI might be associated with multiple lamellae in the spherulites of PTT/PEI blends; therefore, rings were more easily formed in the PTT/PEI blends at all crystallization temperatures. A postulated model of uneven lamellar growth, coupled with periodical spiraling, more properly describes the possible origin of ring bands from combined effects of both interactions and segregation between the amorphous PEI and PTT in blends.",
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Effects of miscible diluent of poly(ether imide) on ring-banded morphology of poly(trimethylene terephthalate). / Woo, Eamor; Wu, Pi Ling.

In: Colloid and Polymer Science, Vol. 284, No. 4, 01.01.2006, p. 357-365.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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