Effects of Nb doping on switching-voltage stability of zinc oxide thin films

Cheng Ying Li, Chun Cheng Lin, Sheng Yuan Chu, Jun Ting Lin, Chih Yu Huang, Cheng Shong Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Nb-doped ZnO (NbxZn1-xO, NZO) thin films with various Nb additions (x = 0, 0.2, 0.5, and 0.8 at. %) were deposited on Pt/TiO2/SiO2/Si substrates by radio frequency magnetron sputtering. The Nb doping concentration was found to affect the microstructure, the number of oxygen vacancies, and work function of the Pt/NZO/Pt structures. Among the various devices, the film with 0.5 at. % Nb addition showed a better switching-voltage stability [i.e., the optimal coefficient of variation (Cv) for reset (7.02%) and set (2.73%) operations, respectively], a high endurance (∼1000 cycles), and lower reset (0.57 V) and set (1.83 V) voltages due to a larger number of oxygen vacancies and a lower work function. In general, the results show that the present NZO thin films are promising candidates for stable and low power-consumption resistive random access memory applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number175308
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 7

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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