The present study analyzes theoretically the non-Darcian effects and inlet conditions of forced convection flow with liquid film evaporation in a porous medium. The physical scheme includes a liquid-air streams combined system; the liquid film falls down along the plate and is exposed to a cocurrent forced moist air stream. The axial momentum, energy, and concentration equations for the air and water flows are developed based on the steady two-dimensional (2-D) laminar boundary layer model. The non-Darcian convective, boundary, and inertia effects are considered to describe the momentum characteristics of a porous medium. The paper clearly describes the temperature and mass concentration variations at the liquid-air interface and provides the heat and mass transfer distributions along the heated plate. Then, the paper further evaluates the non-Darcian effects and inlet conditions on the heat transfer and evaporating rate of liquid film evaporation. The numerical results show that latent heat transfer plays the dominant heat transfer role. Carrying out a parametric analysis indicates that higher air Reynolds number, higher wetted wall temperature, and lower moist air relative humidity will produce a better evaporating rate and heat transfer rate. In addition, a non-Darcy model should be adopted in the present study. The maximum error for predictions of heat and mass transfer performance will be 21% when the Darcy model is used.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes