Effects of online student question-generation with multiple procedural guides for elementary students' use of cognitive strategies and academic achievement

Fu-Yun Yu, Yi Shiuan Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Student question-generation (SQG) procedural guides differ in terms of level of concreteness, demands on cognitive skills and appropriateness for respective instructional units. Because existing studies exclusively examine the effects of individual guides, this study was aimed at an investigation of the effects of online SQG with multiple guides intended to promote elementary students' use of cognitive strategies and to improve academic performance while learning Chinese and science. A quasi-experimental research method and an online learning system with dynamic scaffolding designs were adopted to support student learning of Chinese and science via the SQG approach. Two fifth-grade classes (N=56) participated for eight weeks. Twice per week, in accordance with the instructors' schedules, students engaged in online SQG or self-study activities in their randomly assigned groups. The results of the analysis of covariance indicated significant differences between the two treatment groups in their use of cognitive strategies while learning Chinese and science, with students in the SQG group scoring significantly higher than those in the comparison group. However, academic achievement between the two groups did not differ significantly. Suggestions for instructional implementations and future studies are provided.

Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)525-560
Number of pages36
JournalJournal of Educational Media and Library Sciences
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

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academic achievement
Students
student
Group
science
Procedural
Cognitive Strategies
Academic Achievement
learning performance
self-study
learning strategy
learning
research method
Learning systems
instructor

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Conservation
  • Information Systems
  • Archaeology
  • Library and Information Sciences

Cite this

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title = "Effects of online student question-generation with multiple procedural guides for elementary students' use of cognitive strategies and academic achievement",
abstract = "Student question-generation (SQG) procedural guides differ in terms of level of concreteness, demands on cognitive skills and appropriateness for respective instructional units. Because existing studies exclusively examine the effects of individual guides, this study was aimed at an investigation of the effects of online SQG with multiple guides intended to promote elementary students' use of cognitive strategies and to improve academic performance while learning Chinese and science. A quasi-experimental research method and an online learning system with dynamic scaffolding designs were adopted to support student learning of Chinese and science via the SQG approach. Two fifth-grade classes (N=56) participated for eight weeks. Twice per week, in accordance with the instructors' schedules, students engaged in online SQG or self-study activities in their randomly assigned groups. The results of the analysis of covariance indicated significant differences between the two treatment groups in their use of cognitive strategies while learning Chinese and science, with students in the SQG group scoring significantly higher than those in the comparison group. However, academic achievement between the two groups did not differ significantly. Suggestions for instructional implementations and future studies are provided.",
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