Effects of prestrain applied to poly(ethylene terephthalate) substrate before coating of indium-tin-oxide film on film quality and optical, electrical, and mechanical properties

Tse Chang Li, Chung Jen Chung, Chang Fu Han, Po Tsung Hsieh, Kuan Jen Chen, Jen Fin Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Four kinds of poly(ethylene terephalate) (PET)/indium-tin-oxide (ITO) specimen were prepared to examine the effect of prestrain applied to the PET substrate before the coating of ITO film on the mechanical, microstructure, optical, and electrical properties and morphology. The dependence and interaction among these properties/parameters are established and discussed. The mean slenderness ratio of the crystalline porosities in the ITO film decreased with increasing prestrain. The tilt angle of tubular porosities increased due to the increase in the particle size of ITO deposited on the PET substrate. A nonzero prestrain reduced both interplanar spacing (d-spacing) and the mean surface roughness of the ITO film. An increase in the substrate prestrain decreased the mean transmittance but increased the mean reflectance of the specimens. An increase in the ITO particle size lowered the optical band gap (Eg) and mean reflection and increased the mean transmittance. PET/ITO specimens with larger Eg values had higher carrier mobility (Mb). A nonzero prestrain leads to a smooth ITO film with low electrical resistance. Decreasing Young's modulus in combination with increasing specimen's hardness is helpful to the increase in the pop-in depth and the decrease in the pop-out depth in the nanoindentations. The electrical current-depth curve from nanoindentation tests and the stress-depth curve can be used to efficiently identify the depths of pop-in and pop-out. The PET/ITO specimen with 2% prestrain had the largest pop-in depth and the smallest pop-out depth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)591-603
Number of pages13
JournalCeramics International
Volume40
Issue number1 PART A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Polyethylene Terephthalates
Tin oxides
Polyethylene terephthalates
Indium
Oxide films
Electric properties
Optical properties
Coatings
Mechanical properties
Substrates
Nanoindentation
Porosity
Particle size
indium tin oxide
Acoustic impedance
Carrier mobility
Optical band gaps
Ethylene
Elastic moduli
Surface roughness

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

@article{7721661f578f49a58e3999731a1d8c0a,
title = "Effects of prestrain applied to poly(ethylene terephthalate) substrate before coating of indium-tin-oxide film on film quality and optical, electrical, and mechanical properties",
abstract = "Four kinds of poly(ethylene terephalate) (PET)/indium-tin-oxide (ITO) specimen were prepared to examine the effect of prestrain applied to the PET substrate before the coating of ITO film on the mechanical, microstructure, optical, and electrical properties and morphology. The dependence and interaction among these properties/parameters are established and discussed. The mean slenderness ratio of the crystalline porosities in the ITO film decreased with increasing prestrain. The tilt angle of tubular porosities increased due to the increase in the particle size of ITO deposited on the PET substrate. A nonzero prestrain reduced both interplanar spacing (d-spacing) and the mean surface roughness of the ITO film. An increase in the substrate prestrain decreased the mean transmittance but increased the mean reflectance of the specimens. An increase in the ITO particle size lowered the optical band gap (Eg) and mean reflection and increased the mean transmittance. PET/ITO specimens with larger Eg values had higher carrier mobility (Mb). A nonzero prestrain leads to a smooth ITO film with low electrical resistance. Decreasing Young's modulus in combination with increasing specimen's hardness is helpful to the increase in the pop-in depth and the decrease in the pop-out depth in the nanoindentations. The electrical current-depth curve from nanoindentation tests and the stress-depth curve can be used to efficiently identify the depths of pop-in and pop-out. The PET/ITO specimen with 2{\%} prestrain had the largest pop-in depth and the smallest pop-out depth.",
author = "Li, {Tse Chang} and Chung, {Chung Jen} and Han, {Chang Fu} and Hsieh, {Po Tsung} and Chen, {Kuan Jen} and Lin, {Jen Fin}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ceramint.2013.06.040",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "591--603",
journal = "Ceramics International",
issn = "0272-8842",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "1 PART A",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of prestrain applied to poly(ethylene terephthalate) substrate before coating of indium-tin-oxide film on film quality and optical, electrical, and mechanical properties

AU - Li, Tse Chang

AU - Chung, Chung Jen

AU - Han, Chang Fu

AU - Hsieh, Po Tsung

AU - Chen, Kuan Jen

AU - Lin, Jen Fin

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Four kinds of poly(ethylene terephalate) (PET)/indium-tin-oxide (ITO) specimen were prepared to examine the effect of prestrain applied to the PET substrate before the coating of ITO film on the mechanical, microstructure, optical, and electrical properties and morphology. The dependence and interaction among these properties/parameters are established and discussed. The mean slenderness ratio of the crystalline porosities in the ITO film decreased with increasing prestrain. The tilt angle of tubular porosities increased due to the increase in the particle size of ITO deposited on the PET substrate. A nonzero prestrain reduced both interplanar spacing (d-spacing) and the mean surface roughness of the ITO film. An increase in the substrate prestrain decreased the mean transmittance but increased the mean reflectance of the specimens. An increase in the ITO particle size lowered the optical band gap (Eg) and mean reflection and increased the mean transmittance. PET/ITO specimens with larger Eg values had higher carrier mobility (Mb). A nonzero prestrain leads to a smooth ITO film with low electrical resistance. Decreasing Young's modulus in combination with increasing specimen's hardness is helpful to the increase in the pop-in depth and the decrease in the pop-out depth in the nanoindentations. The electrical current-depth curve from nanoindentation tests and the stress-depth curve can be used to efficiently identify the depths of pop-in and pop-out. The PET/ITO specimen with 2% prestrain had the largest pop-in depth and the smallest pop-out depth.

AB - Four kinds of poly(ethylene terephalate) (PET)/indium-tin-oxide (ITO) specimen were prepared to examine the effect of prestrain applied to the PET substrate before the coating of ITO film on the mechanical, microstructure, optical, and electrical properties and morphology. The dependence and interaction among these properties/parameters are established and discussed. The mean slenderness ratio of the crystalline porosities in the ITO film decreased with increasing prestrain. The tilt angle of tubular porosities increased due to the increase in the particle size of ITO deposited on the PET substrate. A nonzero prestrain reduced both interplanar spacing (d-spacing) and the mean surface roughness of the ITO film. An increase in the substrate prestrain decreased the mean transmittance but increased the mean reflectance of the specimens. An increase in the ITO particle size lowered the optical band gap (Eg) and mean reflection and increased the mean transmittance. PET/ITO specimens with larger Eg values had higher carrier mobility (Mb). A nonzero prestrain leads to a smooth ITO film with low electrical resistance. Decreasing Young's modulus in combination with increasing specimen's hardness is helpful to the increase in the pop-in depth and the decrease in the pop-out depth in the nanoindentations. The electrical current-depth curve from nanoindentation tests and the stress-depth curve can be used to efficiently identify the depths of pop-in and pop-out. The PET/ITO specimen with 2% prestrain had the largest pop-in depth and the smallest pop-out depth.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84887623708&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84887623708&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ceramint.2013.06.040

DO - 10.1016/j.ceramint.2013.06.040

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84887623708

VL - 40

SP - 591

EP - 603

JO - Ceramics International

JF - Ceramics International

SN - 0272-8842

IS - 1 PART A

ER -