Background: Depending on the clinical setting, rescuers may provide CPR from a kneeling (if the patient is on the ground) or standing (if the patient is in a bed) position. The rescuer position may affect workload, and hence rate of fatigue and quality of CPR. Purpose: This study evaluates how three common rescuer positions affect the kinematics of CPR and the force of delivered compressions. Methods: Subjects were 18 health care providers experienced in CPR. Each participant performed CPR from three different positions: kneeling beside the Resusci® Anne manikin placed on the floor (F); standing beside the manikin placed on a Table 63 cm in height (H), and standing beside the manikin placed on a Table 37 cm in height (L). The compression to ventilation ratio was 15:2. CPR duration was 5 min for each position, with a rest period of 50 min in-between. The order of position was randomised. The manikin was equipped with a six-axial force load cell to collect 3D compression forces at a sampling rate of 1000 Hz. An eight-camera Motion Analysis Digital System was adopted to collect 3D trajectory information. Data were compared using crossover-design analysis of variance (p < 0.05 was regarded as statistically significant). Ratings of Perceived Exertion (RPE) were measured by modified Borg scale. Results: Significant differences were observed in the head, shoulder, lower trunk, hip and knee angles between the three methods. Lower trunk flexion angle (°) for H, L, and F were -14.52 ± 1.13, -28.83 ± 1.75, and 14.39 ± 1.14, respectively. Hip flexion angle for H, L, and F were -16.21 ± 3.30, -42.59 ± 4.75, and -47.39 ± 4.36, respectively. However, compression force (N) in H, L, and F were 455.8 ± 17.6, 455.7 ± 14.0, 461.5 ± 13.5, respectively (p > 0.05). Compression depths (mm) were: 43.5 ± 3.4, 42.0 ± 5.4, 44 ± 5.2, respectively (p > 0.05). Compression frequencies (times/min) were: 117.9 ± 12.4, 116.6 ± 13.4, 108.8 ± 11.7, respectively (p > 0.05). No differences were found between the three positions for RPE. Conclusions: In this study, while the kinematics of CPR differed significantly with varying rescuer position, these differences did not affect the compression force, depth and frequency as performed by experienced providers.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2008 Jan 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Emergency Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine