Effects of sesame oil against after the onset of acetaminophen-induced acute hepatic injury in rats

Victor Raj Mohan Chandrasekaran, Se Ping Chien, Dur Zong Hsu, Yu Chung Chang, Ming Yie Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Acetaminophen (APAP) is a safe and effective analgesic and antipyretic when used at therapeutic levels. However, an acute or cumulative overdose can cause severe liver injury with the potential to progress to liver failure in humans and experimental animals. Much attention has been paid to the development of an antioxidant that protects against APAP-induced acute hepatic injury. Hence, we aimed to investigate the effect of sesame oil against after the onset of acute hepatic injury in APAPoverdosed rats. Methods: Male Wistar rats were first given 2 oral doses (1,000 mg/kg each) of APAP (at 0 and 24 hours) and then 1 oral dose of sesame oil (8 mL/kg at 24 hours). Results: After 48 hours, APAP increased aspartate and alanine aminotransferase levels in the rats' serum and centrilobular necrosis in liver tissue. In addition, APAP significantly decreased the rats' glutathione levels and mitochondrial aconitase activity, but increased superoxide anion, hydroxyl radical, and lipid peroxidation levels. Oral sesame oil (8 mL/kg, given at 24 hours) reversed all APAP-altered parameters and protected the rats against APAP-induced acute liver injury. Conclusion: We hypothesize that sesame oil acts as a useful agent that maintains intracellular glutathione levels and inhibits reactive oxygen species, thereby protecting rats against after the onset of APAP-induced acute oxidative liver injury. (JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2010;34:567-573)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)567-573
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Sep

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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