The incorporation of additive in lipid bilayers is one of the ordinary approaches for modulating their properties. Additive effect on phase transition of ion-pair amphiphile (IPA) bilayers, however, is not known. In this work, four double-chained IPAs with different hydrocarbon chain lengths and symmetry were designed and synthesized from single-chained cationic and anionic surfactants by the precipitation method. By using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), the thermotropic transition behavior from gel phase (Lβ) through rippled phase (Pβ') if any to liquid-crystalline phase (Lα) was studied for bilayers of these lipid-like IPAs in excess water. The effects of three sterol-like additives (cholesterol, α-tocopherol, and α-tocopheryl acetate) in IPA bilayers on thermal phase behavior were then systematically investigated. The experimental results revealed that with increasing concentration of additive, the phase transition temperatures were unaffected on the one hand and the enthalpies of phase transition were decreased on the other hand. When the addition of additive exceeded a specific amount, the phase transition disappeared. More hasty disappearance of phase transition was found for IPAs with lower total number of carbon atoms in the hydrocarbon chains. For IPAs with the same total number of carbon atoms in the hydrocarbon chains, the disappearance of phase transition is more hasty for the asymmetric one than for the symmetric one. Similar effects on thermal phase behavior of four IPA bilayers were exhibited by the three additives with similar chemical structures. Possible mechanism of additive effects on phase transition of IPA bilayers was then proposed in line with that of lipid bilayers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)