Effects of strain rate and temperature on shear properties and fracture characteristics of 316L stainless steel

Woei-Shyan Lee, Tao Hsing Chen, Chi Feng Lin, Zong Yun Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dynamic shear deformation behaviour and fracture characteristics of 316L stainless steel are investigated using a split-Hopkinson torsional bar system at temperatures of -150, 25 and 300°C and strain rates ranging from 1000 to 3000 s -1 . The results show that the flow stress, shear fracture strain, work hardening rate, and strain rate sensitivity all increase with increasing strain rate for a given temperature, but decrease with increasing temperature given a constant strain rate. The activation energy decreases with increasing shear stress for a constant shear strain, but increases with increasing shear strain given a constant shear stress. Optical microscopy observations reveal that localized plastic flows occur in the shear deformation region. Moreover, the flow angle increases with increasing strain rate and temperature. Scanning electron microscopy observations show that the fracture surfaces are characterized by a dimple-like structure, which indicates a ductile failure mode. The morphology and density of the dimple-like structures are highly sensitive to the strain rate and temperature conditions. Overall, the microstructural observations show that the shear response of 316L stainless steel is directly related to the effects of the strain rate and temperature on the evolution of the sheared microstructure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469-476
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Transactions
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Apr 5

Fingerprint

shear properties
Stainless Steel
strain rate
Strain rate
stainless steels
Stainless steel
shear stress
shear strain
Shear strain
Temperature
temperature
shear
Plastic flow
Shear deformation
Shear stress
work hardening
plastic flow
failure modes
Strain hardening
Failure modes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "The dynamic shear deformation behaviour and fracture characteristics of 316L stainless steel are investigated using a split-Hopkinson torsional bar system at temperatures of -150, 25 and 300°C and strain rates ranging from 1000 to 3000 s -1 . The results show that the flow stress, shear fracture strain, work hardening rate, and strain rate sensitivity all increase with increasing strain rate for a given temperature, but decrease with increasing temperature given a constant strain rate. The activation energy decreases with increasing shear stress for a constant shear strain, but increases with increasing shear strain given a constant shear stress. Optical microscopy observations reveal that localized plastic flows occur in the shear deformation region. Moreover, the flow angle increases with increasing strain rate and temperature. Scanning electron microscopy observations show that the fracture surfaces are characterized by a dimple-like structure, which indicates a ductile failure mode. The morphology and density of the dimple-like structures are highly sensitive to the strain rate and temperature conditions. Overall, the microstructural observations show that the shear response of 316L stainless steel is directly related to the effects of the strain rate and temperature on the evolution of the sheared microstructure.",
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Effects of strain rate and temperature on shear properties and fracture characteristics of 316L stainless steel. / Lee, Woei-Shyan; Chen, Tao Hsing; Lin, Chi Feng; Li, Zong Yun.

In: Materials Transactions, Vol. 53, No. 3, 05.04.2012, p. 469-476.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The dynamic shear deformation behaviour and fracture characteristics of 316L stainless steel are investigated using a split-Hopkinson torsional bar system at temperatures of -150, 25 and 300°C and strain rates ranging from 1000 to 3000 s -1 . The results show that the flow stress, shear fracture strain, work hardening rate, and strain rate sensitivity all increase with increasing strain rate for a given temperature, but decrease with increasing temperature given a constant strain rate. The activation energy decreases with increasing shear stress for a constant shear strain, but increases with increasing shear strain given a constant shear stress. Optical microscopy observations reveal that localized plastic flows occur in the shear deformation region. Moreover, the flow angle increases with increasing strain rate and temperature. Scanning electron microscopy observations show that the fracture surfaces are characterized by a dimple-like structure, which indicates a ductile failure mode. The morphology and density of the dimple-like structures are highly sensitive to the strain rate and temperature conditions. Overall, the microstructural observations show that the shear response of 316L stainless steel is directly related to the effects of the strain rate and temperature on the evolution of the sheared microstructure.

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