Effects of temperature and pressure on the vacuum drying characteristics of red seaweed kappaphycus alvarezii

Jimwell L. Soliman, Nino Rigo Emil G. Lim, John Patrick D. Mercado, Muhaimin Rex C. Lagurin, Charles B. Felix, Aristotle T. Ubando, Alvin B. Culaba

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The Philippines is one of the top producers of seaweed products such as carrageenan. The country's seaweed industry is considered as a major economic contributor to the aquaculture industry. However, the current method of sun drying the seaweeds may still be improved in terms of quality and capacity. To further understand the material behavior of seaweeds, this study proposes to characterize the drying behavior of red seaweed (Kappaphycus alvarezii) by means of a vacuum dryer. The study aims to evaluate the effects of the temperature and pressure in drying the red seaweed. Drying experiments were conducted in a vacuum oven at chamber temperatures of 50, 60, and 70 oC, with drying pressures ranging from 10 kPa to 20 kPa. The effects of drying temperature and pressure on the moisture ratio and the drying rate of seaweed samples were illustrated by generating drying curves. The results showed that increasing the drying temperature significantly decreased the drying time of the seaweed samples. However, the vacuum pressure induced in the oven effected insignificantly. The generated drying curves on the said samples demonstrated a gradual decrease in the moisture content with respect to the drying time, until it reached equilibrium like many other drying characteristics on various samples. Statistical analysis verified that only the drying temperature had a significant effect on the vacuum drying process.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHNICEM 2017 - 9th International Conference on Humanoid, Nanotechnology, Information Technology, Communication and Control, Environment and Management
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1-5
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781538609101
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 2
Event9th IEEE International Conference on Humanoid, Nanotechnology, Information Technology, Communication and Control, Environment and Management, HNICEM 2017 - Manila, Philippines
Duration: 2017 Nov 292017 Dec 1

Publication series

NameHNICEM 2017 - 9th International Conference on Humanoid, Nanotechnology, Information Technology, Communication and Control, Environment and Management
Volume2018-January

Other

Other9th IEEE International Conference on Humanoid, Nanotechnology, Information Technology, Communication and Control, Environment and Management, HNICEM 2017
Country/TerritoryPhilippines
CityManila
Period17-11-2917-12-01

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecological Modelling
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Information Systems
  • Control and Optimization
  • Artificial Intelligence

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