Effects of the addition of minute amounts of alumina on the microstructure and sintering behavior of yttria stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals ceramic via a co-precipitation process

Chih G. Chen, Hsing-I Hsiang, Chang Min Zhou

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is feasible to add homogeneously minute amounts (0.25 wt%) of Al 2O3 into 3 mol% yttria stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals using a co-precipitation procedure to produce precursory gel nano-powders. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, high-angle annular dark-field-field emission gun transmission electron microscopy, relative density determination, shrinkage, and resistivity measurements using impedance spectroscopy were combined to elucidate the microstructure and sintering behavior of zirconia ceramics produced using 0.25 wt% added Al2O 3, possibly the limit of solubility of Al2O3 in the ZrO2 structure. Two modes of sintering behavior may be described as: (I) The total solid solution of Al2O3 in the solid solution of ZrO2 structure via a precursory co-precipitation procedure; calcining at 800 °C and sintering at 1275 °C can be shown to indicate the viable solubility of Al2O3 in the ZrO 2 structure, designated as stage I of the thermal treatment; and (II) At the higher sintering temperature, above 1275 °C, the segregation of Al2O3 at triple junction occurs. Higher bulk and grain boundary resistivity values are found for the sample sintered at 1275 °C, which probably resulted from the dissolution of Al2O3 in the ZrO2 structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-239
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Ceramic Processing Research
Volume9
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Aug 11

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites

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