Effects of the Surface Texture and Weight of a Pinch Apparatus on the Reliability and Validity of a Hand Sensorimotor Control Assessment

Hsiu Yun Hsu, Ta Shen Kuan, Hsiu Ching Yang, Ching Liang Tsai, Chien Hsien Yeh, Chih Chun Lin, Li Chieh Kuo

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Objectives: To investigate the reliability and validity of a modified pinch apparatus devised with 3 surface textures and 2 different weights for clinical application. Design: Case-controlled study. Setting: A university hospital. Participants: The participants (N=32) included carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) patients (n=16) with 20 sensory neuropathy hands, and an equal number of age-sex matched volunteers without CTS, as well as young volunteers without CTS (n=16 with 20 hands) used to analyze both the testing validity and reliability of the modified device. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: The Semmes-Weinstein monofilament (SWM) and two-point discrimination (2PD) tests were conducted, and the force ratio between the FP peak (peak pinch force during lifting phase) and FL max (maximum load force at maximum upward acceleration onset) detected from a pinch-holding-up activity (PHUA) under various testing conditions was obtained. Results: The range of the intraclass correlation coefficient of this pinch device was 0.369-0.952. The CTS patients exhibited poorer force modulation ability according to the inertial change in a dynamic lifting task when compared to the controls under all testing conditions (P<.001). The area under the receiver operating characteristic force ratio curve was 0.841, revealing high accuracy of the test for diagnosing CTS neuropathic hands under the testing condition in which the 125-g coarse texture device was used. In addition, the weight factor was shown to have significant effects on the sensitivity and accuracy of the PHUA assessment. Conclusions: This study showed that the PHUA test via the modified pinch apparatus is a sensitive tool that can be used in clinical practice for detecting neuropathic CTS hands. In addition, changing the weight of the pinch device has a significant effect on the sensitivity and accuracy of the PHUA assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)620-626
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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