Effects of tip-substrate gap, deposition temperature, holding time, and pull-off velocity on dip-pen lithography investigated using molecular dynamics simulation

Cheng Da Wu, Te Hua Fang, Jen Fin Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The process parameters in the dip-pen nanolithography process, including tip-substrate gap, deposition temperature, holding time, and pull-off velocity are evaluated in terms of the mechanism of molecular transference, alkanethiol meniscus characteristic, surface adsorbed energy, and pattern formation using molecular dynamics simulations. The simulation results clearly show that the optimum deposition occurs at a smaller tip-substrate gap, a slower pull-off velocity, a higher temperature, and a longer holding time. The pattern area increases with decreasing tip-substrate gap and increasing deposition temperature and holding time. With an increase in deposition temperature, the molecular transfer ability significantly increases. Pattern height is a function of meniscus length. When the pull-off velocity is decreased, the pattern height increases. The height of the neck in meniscus decreases and the neck width increases with holding time. Meniscus size increases with increasing deposition temperature and holding time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103521
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume111
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 May 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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