Background/Purpose: Treatment with daclatasvir plus asunaprevir (DCV + ASV) for 24 weeks provided a sustained virologic response (SVR) rate of over 90% in hepatitis C virus genotype 1b (HCV-1b) infected patients without non-structural 5A (NS5A) resistance-associated substitutions (RASs) at the L31 and Y93 sites. In this study, we investigated whether adding ribavirin to the DCV + ASV combination could shorten the original treatment regimen to 12 weeks without compromising the treatment efficacy for HCV-1b patients without NS5A RASs. Methods: In the prospective, open-label, single-arm, nationwide multi-center phase III study, a total of 70 interferon-naïve or interferon-experienced HCV-1b patients without baseline L31/Y93 RASs received daclatasvir (60 mg/day) and asunaprevir (100 mg twice daily) plus weight-based ribavirin (1000–1200 mg/day) for 12 weeks, with a 12-week post-treatment follow-up. The primary end-point was the rate of undetectable HCV RNA 12 weeks post-treatment (SVR12). Results: The SVR12 rate was 97.1% (68/70) and 100% (68/68) in the full-analysis-set and the per-protocol population, respectively. None of the 68 patients who completed the 12-week treatment experienced relapse during post-treatment follow-up. Two patients withdrew from the study at treatment days 21 and 34 due to anorexia and fatigue, which were considered ribavirin-related and resolved post medication cessation. A total of 4 serious adverse events were reported and considered treatment-unrelated. No deaths or grade 4 adverse events requiring hospitalization was observed throughout the study. Conclusion: Truncated regimen of DCV + ASV plus ribavirin for 12 weeks was highly effective and safe in HCV-1b patients without NS5A L31/Y93 RAS.
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