Efficacy and safety of very-low-calorie diet in Taiwanese

A multicenter randomized, controlled trial

Wen Yuan Lin, Chih-Hsing Wu, Nain Feng Chu, Chih-Jen Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Very-low-calorie diets (VLCDs) are an effective method for weight reduction in Caucasians. This study investigated the efficacy and safety of two different VLCDs (450 or 800 kcal/d) in obese Taiwanese. Methods: 132 participants with BMI ≥30 kg/m2 were randomized to two VLCD groups for body weight reduction for 12 weeks. Each group had 66 participants. Anthropometric and metabolic parameters were measured. Results: The intention-to-treat analysis revealed that the percentage change in body weight over the 12-week treatment period was -9.14% in the VLCD-450 group and -8.98% in the VLCD-800 group. A total of 27 (40.9%) participants in the VLCD-450 group and 29 (43.9%) participants in the VLCD-800 group achieved 10% or more weight loss at the end of treatment. The body weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, fat mass, blood pressure, triglycerides, and blood glucose were statistically improved from baseline but not between the two groups. The improvement rate of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was 41.5% in the VLCD-450 group and 50.0% in the VLCD-800 group. The incidence of adverse events did not differ significantly between the groups and no serious adverse events were reported in either group. Conclusion: Both the VLCD-450 and 800 kcal/d can effectively and safely reduce body weight and improve NAFLD in 12 weeks in obese Taiwanese participants. However, there is no additional benefit in prescribing the more restrictive diet intervention in Taiwanese.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1129-1136
Number of pages8
JournalNutrition
Volume25
Issue number11-12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Nov 1

Fingerprint

Caloric Restriction
Randomized Controlled Trials
Safety
Weight Loss
Body Weight
Body Weight Changes
Intention to Treat Analysis
Waist Circumference
Blood Glucose
Hip
Triglycerides
Fats
Diet
Blood Pressure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

@article{e5538ff214de4310914ce8e4e0c51b96,
title = "Efficacy and safety of very-low-calorie diet in Taiwanese: A multicenter randomized, controlled trial",
abstract = "Objective: Very-low-calorie diets (VLCDs) are an effective method for weight reduction in Caucasians. This study investigated the efficacy and safety of two different VLCDs (450 or 800 kcal/d) in obese Taiwanese. Methods: 132 participants with BMI ≥30 kg/m2 were randomized to two VLCD groups for body weight reduction for 12 weeks. Each group had 66 participants. Anthropometric and metabolic parameters were measured. Results: The intention-to-treat analysis revealed that the percentage change in body weight over the 12-week treatment period was -9.14{\%} in the VLCD-450 group and -8.98{\%} in the VLCD-800 group. A total of 27 (40.9{\%}) participants in the VLCD-450 group and 29 (43.9{\%}) participants in the VLCD-800 group achieved 10{\%} or more weight loss at the end of treatment. The body weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, fat mass, blood pressure, triglycerides, and blood glucose were statistically improved from baseline but not between the two groups. The improvement rate of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was 41.5{\%} in the VLCD-450 group and 50.0{\%} in the VLCD-800 group. The incidence of adverse events did not differ significantly between the groups and no serious adverse events were reported in either group. Conclusion: Both the VLCD-450 and 800 kcal/d can effectively and safely reduce body weight and improve NAFLD in 12 weeks in obese Taiwanese participants. However, there is no additional benefit in prescribing the more restrictive diet intervention in Taiwanese.",
author = "Lin, {Wen Yuan} and Chih-Hsing Wu and Chu, {Nain Feng} and Chih-Jen Chang",
year = "2009",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.nut.2009.02.008",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "1129--1136",
journal = "Nutrition",
issn = "0899-9007",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "11-12",

}

Efficacy and safety of very-low-calorie diet in Taiwanese : A multicenter randomized, controlled trial. / Lin, Wen Yuan; Wu, Chih-Hsing; Chu, Nain Feng; Chang, Chih-Jen.

In: Nutrition, Vol. 25, No. 11-12, 01.11.2009, p. 1129-1136.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Efficacy and safety of very-low-calorie diet in Taiwanese

T2 - A multicenter randomized, controlled trial

AU - Lin, Wen Yuan

AU - Wu, Chih-Hsing

AU - Chu, Nain Feng

AU - Chang, Chih-Jen

PY - 2009/11/1

Y1 - 2009/11/1

N2 - Objective: Very-low-calorie diets (VLCDs) are an effective method for weight reduction in Caucasians. This study investigated the efficacy and safety of two different VLCDs (450 or 800 kcal/d) in obese Taiwanese. Methods: 132 participants with BMI ≥30 kg/m2 were randomized to two VLCD groups for body weight reduction for 12 weeks. Each group had 66 participants. Anthropometric and metabolic parameters were measured. Results: The intention-to-treat analysis revealed that the percentage change in body weight over the 12-week treatment period was -9.14% in the VLCD-450 group and -8.98% in the VLCD-800 group. A total of 27 (40.9%) participants in the VLCD-450 group and 29 (43.9%) participants in the VLCD-800 group achieved 10% or more weight loss at the end of treatment. The body weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, fat mass, blood pressure, triglycerides, and blood glucose were statistically improved from baseline but not between the two groups. The improvement rate of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was 41.5% in the VLCD-450 group and 50.0% in the VLCD-800 group. The incidence of adverse events did not differ significantly between the groups and no serious adverse events were reported in either group. Conclusion: Both the VLCD-450 and 800 kcal/d can effectively and safely reduce body weight and improve NAFLD in 12 weeks in obese Taiwanese participants. However, there is no additional benefit in prescribing the more restrictive diet intervention in Taiwanese.

AB - Objective: Very-low-calorie diets (VLCDs) are an effective method for weight reduction in Caucasians. This study investigated the efficacy and safety of two different VLCDs (450 or 800 kcal/d) in obese Taiwanese. Methods: 132 participants with BMI ≥30 kg/m2 were randomized to two VLCD groups for body weight reduction for 12 weeks. Each group had 66 participants. Anthropometric and metabolic parameters were measured. Results: The intention-to-treat analysis revealed that the percentage change in body weight over the 12-week treatment period was -9.14% in the VLCD-450 group and -8.98% in the VLCD-800 group. A total of 27 (40.9%) participants in the VLCD-450 group and 29 (43.9%) participants in the VLCD-800 group achieved 10% or more weight loss at the end of treatment. The body weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, fat mass, blood pressure, triglycerides, and blood glucose were statistically improved from baseline but not between the two groups. The improvement rate of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was 41.5% in the VLCD-450 group and 50.0% in the VLCD-800 group. The incidence of adverse events did not differ significantly between the groups and no serious adverse events were reported in either group. Conclusion: Both the VLCD-450 and 800 kcal/d can effectively and safely reduce body weight and improve NAFLD in 12 weeks in obese Taiwanese participants. However, there is no additional benefit in prescribing the more restrictive diet intervention in Taiwanese.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70349775626&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70349775626&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.nut.2009.02.008

DO - 10.1016/j.nut.2009.02.008

M3 - Article

VL - 25

SP - 1129

EP - 1136

JO - Nutrition

JF - Nutrition

SN - 0899-9007

IS - 11-12

ER -