Efficiencies of two-stage systems with fuzzy data

Chiang Kao, Shiang Tai Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)


Two-stage DEA (data envelopment analysis) models show the performance of individual processes, and thus are more informative than the conventional one-stage models for making decisions. This paper extends this approach from deterministic to uncertain situations, where the observations are represented by fuzzy numbers. The extension principle is utilized to develop a pair of two-level mathematical programs to calculate the lower and upper bounds of the α-cut of the fuzzy efficiency. By enumerating various values of α, the membership functions of fuzzy efficiencies are constructed numerically. It is found that the property of the system efficiency being equal to the product of the two process efficiencies, which holds for the deterministic case, also holds for the fuzzy case. This property can be generalized to series systems with more than two processes. An example of non-life insurance companies in Taiwan is used to explain how to calculate the system and process efficiencies and how to derive their relationship when the data is fuzzy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-35
Number of pages16
JournalFuzzy Sets and Systems
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Logic
  • Artificial Intelligence


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