Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen steering: Its geometric quantification and witness

Huan Yu Ku, Shin Liang Chen, Costantino Budroni, Adam Miranowicz, Yueh Nan Chen, Franco Nori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


We propose a measure of quantum steerability, namely, a convex steering monotone, based on the trace distance between a given assemblage and its corresponding closest assemblage admitting a local-hidden-state (LHS) model. We provide methods to estimate such a quantity, via lower and upper bounds, based on semidefinite programming. One of these upper bounds has a clear geometrical interpretation as a linear function of rescaled Euclidean distances in the Bloch sphere between the normalized quantum states of (i) a given assemblage and (ii) an LHS assemblage. For a qubit-qubit quantum state, these ideas also allow us to visualize various steerability properties of the state in the Bloch sphere via the so-called LHS surface. In particular, some steerability properties can be obtained by comparing such an LHS surface with a corresponding quantum steering ellipsoid. Thus, we propose a witness of steerability corresponding to the difference of the volumes enclosed by these two surfaces. This witness (which reveals the steerability of a quantum state) enables one to find an optimal measurement basis, which can then be used to determine the proposed steering monotone (which describes the steerability of an assemblage) optimized over all mutually unbiased bases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022338
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 27

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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