Elasticity of polycrystalline pyrope (Mg3Al2Si3O12) to 9 GPa and 1000 °C

Gabriel D. Gwanmesia, Jianzhong Zhang, Kenneth Darling, Jennifer Kung, Baosheng Li, Liping Wang, Daniel Neuville, Robert C. Liebermann

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69 Citations (Scopus)


Acoustic wave velocities for synthetic polycrystalline pyrope (Mg3Al2Si3O12) were measured to 9 GPa and temperatures up to 1000 °C by ultrasonic interferometry combined with energy-dispersive synchrotron X-ray diffraction in a cubic-anvil DIA-type apparatus (SAM-85). Specimen lengths at high pressures (P) and temperatures (T) are directly measured by X-radiographic methods. Elastic wave travel times and X-ray diffraction data were collected after heating and cooling at high pressures to minimize effect of non-hydrostatic stress on the measurements. A linear fit to the high P and T data set yields the elastic bulk and shear moduli [KS = 175 (2) GPa; G = 91 (1) GPa] and their pressure and temperature derivatives [ KS = 3.9 ± 0.3; G′ = 1.7 ± 0.2 and (∂KS/∂T)P = -18 (2) MPa/K; (∂G/∂T)P = -10 (1) MPa/K]. In a separate analysis, the pressure-volume-temperature data collected during these acoustic experiments were fit to a high temperature Birch-Murnaghan (HTBM) equation [with K′ fixed at 3.9] and to each isothermal P-V-T data yielding (∂KT/∂T)P = -22 (2) MPa/K and (∂KT/∂T)P = -20 (5) MPa/K, respectively. Comparison of Py100 data with those other Py-Mj compositions indicates that the thermo elastic properties are insensitive to majorite content in the garnet along the pyrope-majorite join.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-190
Number of pages12
JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2006 May 16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science


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