To further reduce the energy consumption in spin-orbit torque devices, it is crucial to precisely quantify the spin-orbit torque (SOT) in different materials and structures. In this work, heavy metal/ferromagnet and heavy metal/ferrimagnet heterostructures are employed as the model systems to compare the electrical and optical methods for the SOT characterization, which are based on the anomalous Hall effect and the magneto-optical Kerr effect, respectively. It is found that both methods yield the consistent SOT strength for the current-driven magnetization switching measurements and the harmonic measurements. Our results suggest that the optical method is a feasible and reliable tool to investigate SOT, which is a powerful way to develop insulator-based magnetic systems in the future.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)