Electrical impedance tomography monitoring in acute respiratory distress syndrome patients with mechanical ventilation during prolonged positive end-expiratory pressure adjustments

Chia Fu Hsu, Jen Suo Cheng, Wei Chi Lin, Yen Fen Ko, Kuo Sheng Cheng, Sheng Hsiang Lin, Chang Wen Chen

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Abstract

Background/purpose: The time required to reach oxygenation equilibrium after positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) adjustments in mechanically ventilated patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is unclear. We used electrical impedance tomography to elucidate gas distribution and factors related to oxygenation status following PEEP in patients with ARDS. Methods: Nineteen mechanically ventilated ARDS patients were placed on baseline PEEP (PEEPB) for 1 hour, PEEPB - 4 cmH2O PEEP (PEEPL) for 30 minutes, and PEEPB + 4 cmH2O PEEP (PEEPH) for 1 hour. Tidal volume and respiratory rate were similar. Impedance changes, respiratory parameters, and arterial blood gases were measured at baseline, 5 minutes, and 30 minutes after PEEPL, and 5 minutes, 15 minutes, 30 minutes, and 1 hour after PEEPH. Results: PaO2/fraction of inspired oxygen (P/F ratio) decreased quickly from PEEPB to PEEPL, and stabilized 5 minutes after PEEPL. However the P/F ratio progressively increased from PEEPL to PEEPH, and a significantly higher P/F ratio and end-expiratory lung impedance were found at 60 minutes compared to 5 minutes after PEEPH. The end-expiratory lung impedance level significantly correlated with P/F ratio (p < 0.001). With increasing PEEP, dorsal ventilation significantly increased; however, regional ventilation did not change over time with PEEP level. Conclusion: Late improvements in oxygenation following PEEP escalation are probably due to slow recruitment in ventilated ARDS patients. Electrical impedance tomography may be an appropriate tool to assess recruitment and oxygenation status in patients with changes in PEEP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-202
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association
Volume115
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar 1

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Positive-Pressure Respiration
Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Electric Impedance
Artificial Respiration
Tomography
Oxygen
Ventilation
Gases
Lung
Tidal Volume
Respiratory Rate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Electrical impedance tomography monitoring in acute respiratory distress syndrome patients with mechanical ventilation during prolonged positive end-expiratory pressure adjustments",
abstract = "Background/purpose: The time required to reach oxygenation equilibrium after positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) adjustments in mechanically ventilated patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is unclear. We used electrical impedance tomography to elucidate gas distribution and factors related to oxygenation status following PEEP in patients with ARDS. Methods: Nineteen mechanically ventilated ARDS patients were placed on baseline PEEP (PEEPB) for 1 hour, PEEPB - 4 cmH2O PEEP (PEEPL) for 30 minutes, and PEEPB + 4 cmH2O PEEP (PEEPH) for 1 hour. Tidal volume and respiratory rate were similar. Impedance changes, respiratory parameters, and arterial blood gases were measured at baseline, 5 minutes, and 30 minutes after PEEPL, and 5 minutes, 15 minutes, 30 minutes, and 1 hour after PEEPH. Results: PaO2/fraction of inspired oxygen (P/F ratio) decreased quickly from PEEPB to PEEPL, and stabilized 5 minutes after PEEPL. However the P/F ratio progressively increased from PEEPL to PEEPH, and a significantly higher P/F ratio and end-expiratory lung impedance were found at 60 minutes compared to 5 minutes after PEEPH. The end-expiratory lung impedance level significantly correlated with P/F ratio (p < 0.001). With increasing PEEP, dorsal ventilation significantly increased; however, regional ventilation did not change over time with PEEP level. Conclusion: Late improvements in oxygenation following PEEP escalation are probably due to slow recruitment in ventilated ARDS patients. Electrical impedance tomography may be an appropriate tool to assess recruitment and oxygenation status in patients with changes in PEEP.",
author = "Hsu, {Chia Fu} and Cheng, {Jen Suo} and Lin, {Wei Chi} and Ko, {Yen Fen} and Cheng, {Kuo Sheng} and Lin, {Sheng Hsiang} and Chen, {Chang Wen}",
year = "2016",
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journal = "Journal of the Formosan Medical Association",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Electrical impedance tomography monitoring in acute respiratory distress syndrome patients with mechanical ventilation during prolonged positive end-expiratory pressure adjustments

AU - Hsu, Chia Fu

AU - Cheng, Jen Suo

AU - Lin, Wei Chi

AU - Ko, Yen Fen

AU - Cheng, Kuo Sheng

AU - Lin, Sheng Hsiang

AU - Chen, Chang Wen

PY - 2016/3/1

Y1 - 2016/3/1

N2 - Background/purpose: The time required to reach oxygenation equilibrium after positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) adjustments in mechanically ventilated patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is unclear. We used electrical impedance tomography to elucidate gas distribution and factors related to oxygenation status following PEEP in patients with ARDS. Methods: Nineteen mechanically ventilated ARDS patients were placed on baseline PEEP (PEEPB) for 1 hour, PEEPB - 4 cmH2O PEEP (PEEPL) for 30 minutes, and PEEPB + 4 cmH2O PEEP (PEEPH) for 1 hour. Tidal volume and respiratory rate were similar. Impedance changes, respiratory parameters, and arterial blood gases were measured at baseline, 5 minutes, and 30 minutes after PEEPL, and 5 minutes, 15 minutes, 30 minutes, and 1 hour after PEEPH. Results: PaO2/fraction of inspired oxygen (P/F ratio) decreased quickly from PEEPB to PEEPL, and stabilized 5 minutes after PEEPL. However the P/F ratio progressively increased from PEEPL to PEEPH, and a significantly higher P/F ratio and end-expiratory lung impedance were found at 60 minutes compared to 5 minutes after PEEPH. The end-expiratory lung impedance level significantly correlated with P/F ratio (p < 0.001). With increasing PEEP, dorsal ventilation significantly increased; however, regional ventilation did not change over time with PEEP level. Conclusion: Late improvements in oxygenation following PEEP escalation are probably due to slow recruitment in ventilated ARDS patients. Electrical impedance tomography may be an appropriate tool to assess recruitment and oxygenation status in patients with changes in PEEP.

AB - Background/purpose: The time required to reach oxygenation equilibrium after positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) adjustments in mechanically ventilated patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is unclear. We used electrical impedance tomography to elucidate gas distribution and factors related to oxygenation status following PEEP in patients with ARDS. Methods: Nineteen mechanically ventilated ARDS patients were placed on baseline PEEP (PEEPB) for 1 hour, PEEPB - 4 cmH2O PEEP (PEEPL) for 30 minutes, and PEEPB + 4 cmH2O PEEP (PEEPH) for 1 hour. Tidal volume and respiratory rate were similar. Impedance changes, respiratory parameters, and arterial blood gases were measured at baseline, 5 minutes, and 30 minutes after PEEPL, and 5 minutes, 15 minutes, 30 minutes, and 1 hour after PEEPH. Results: PaO2/fraction of inspired oxygen (P/F ratio) decreased quickly from PEEPB to PEEPL, and stabilized 5 minutes after PEEPL. However the P/F ratio progressively increased from PEEPL to PEEPH, and a significantly higher P/F ratio and end-expiratory lung impedance were found at 60 minutes compared to 5 minutes after PEEPH. The end-expiratory lung impedance level significantly correlated with P/F ratio (p < 0.001). With increasing PEEP, dorsal ventilation significantly increased; however, regional ventilation did not change over time with PEEP level. Conclusion: Late improvements in oxygenation following PEEP escalation are probably due to slow recruitment in ventilated ARDS patients. Electrical impedance tomography may be an appropriate tool to assess recruitment and oxygenation status in patients with changes in PEEP.

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JO - Journal of the Formosan Medical Association

JF - Journal of the Formosan Medical Association

SN - 0929-6646

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