Electrochemical characteristics of a PEMFC stack under different temperatures and humidity levels

Keng Pin Huang, Chen Yu Chen, Wei-Hsiang Lai

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In the study, a self-made kW-class 40-cell fuel cell stack with an active area of 112.85 cm2 was tested. The tests of the membrane resistance, charge transfer resistance, and the mass transfer resistance at different stack temperatures and gas humidity levels were performed. The results of the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy tests show that the temperature difference between the stack temperature and the dew point temperature has a significant effect. The fuel cell stack has a better performance when the dew point temperature is lower than the stack temperature. Even at low temperatures, it is recommended to maintain the stack temperature higher than the dew point to obtain a better performance of water management. It is concluded that the best temperature difference is between 5 ° C to 10 ° C. Moreover, the gas diffusion is the major promoting to the mass transfer resistance. Therefore, the suitable temperature difference is favorable for the gas diffusion and gas concentration in the gas diffusion layer.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014
PublisherCommittee of WHEC2014
Pages1229-1234
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780000000002
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1
Event20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014 - Gwangju, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 2014 Jun 152014 Jun 20

Publication series

Name20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014
Volume2

Other

Other20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014
CountryKorea, Republic of
CityGwangju
Period14-06-1514-06-20

Fingerprint

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Atmospheric humidity
Diffusion in gases
Temperature
Fuel cells
Mass transfer
Water management
Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Gases
Charge transfer
Membranes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology

Cite this

Huang, K. P., Chen, C. Y., & Lai, W-H. (2014). Electrochemical characteristics of a PEMFC stack under different temperatures and humidity levels. In 20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014 (pp. 1229-1234). (20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014; Vol. 2). Committee of WHEC2014.
Huang, Keng Pin ; Chen, Chen Yu ; Lai, Wei-Hsiang. / Electrochemical characteristics of a PEMFC stack under different temperatures and humidity levels. 20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014. Committee of WHEC2014, 2014. pp. 1229-1234 (20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014).
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abstract = "In the study, a self-made kW-class 40-cell fuel cell stack with an active area of 112.85 cm2 was tested. The tests of the membrane resistance, charge transfer resistance, and the mass transfer resistance at different stack temperatures and gas humidity levels were performed. The results of the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy tests show that the temperature difference between the stack temperature and the dew point temperature has a significant effect. The fuel cell stack has a better performance when the dew point temperature is lower than the stack temperature. Even at low temperatures, it is recommended to maintain the stack temperature higher than the dew point to obtain a better performance of water management. It is concluded that the best temperature difference is between 5 ° C to 10 ° C. Moreover, the gas diffusion is the major promoting to the mass transfer resistance. Therefore, the suitable temperature difference is favorable for the gas diffusion and gas concentration in the gas diffusion layer.",
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Huang, KP, Chen, CY & Lai, W-H 2014, Electrochemical characteristics of a PEMFC stack under different temperatures and humidity levels. in 20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014. 20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014, vol. 2, Committee of WHEC2014, pp. 1229-1234, 20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014, Gwangju, Korea, Republic of, 14-06-15.

Electrochemical characteristics of a PEMFC stack under different temperatures and humidity levels. / Huang, Keng Pin; Chen, Chen Yu; Lai, Wei-Hsiang.

20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014. Committee of WHEC2014, 2014. p. 1229-1234 (20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014; Vol. 2).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - In the study, a self-made kW-class 40-cell fuel cell stack with an active area of 112.85 cm2 was tested. The tests of the membrane resistance, charge transfer resistance, and the mass transfer resistance at different stack temperatures and gas humidity levels were performed. The results of the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy tests show that the temperature difference between the stack temperature and the dew point temperature has a significant effect. The fuel cell stack has a better performance when the dew point temperature is lower than the stack temperature. Even at low temperatures, it is recommended to maintain the stack temperature higher than the dew point to obtain a better performance of water management. It is concluded that the best temperature difference is between 5 ° C to 10 ° C. Moreover, the gas diffusion is the major promoting to the mass transfer resistance. Therefore, the suitable temperature difference is favorable for the gas diffusion and gas concentration in the gas diffusion layer.

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Huang KP, Chen CY, Lai W-H. Electrochemical characteristics of a PEMFC stack under different temperatures and humidity levels. In 20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014. Committee of WHEC2014. 2014. p. 1229-1234. (20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014).