Voltammetry at a glassy carbon electrode was used to study the electrochemical deposition of Cd-Te from the Lewis basic 1-ethyl-3- methylimidazolium chloride/tetrafluoroborate air-stable room temperature ionic liquid between 80°C and 140°C. Deposition of tellurium alone occurs through a four-electron reduction of Te(IV) to Te which could be further reduced to Te(-II) at a more negative potential. The Cd-Te electrodeposits could be obtained by the underpotential deposition (UPD) of Cd on the deposited Te. The UPD of Cd on Te was, however, limited by a slow charge transfer rate. Samples of Cd-Te electrodeposits were prepared on tungsten and titanium substrates and characterized by energy dispersive spectroscope (EDS), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD). The results showed that an excess amount of Cd(II) was required in order to prepare CdTe codeposits with a Cd/Te atomic ratio approached 1/1. The deposit composition was independent of the deposition potential within the Cd UPD range. Raising the deposition temperature increased the UPD rate of Cd and promoted the formation polycrystalline CdTe.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Electrochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Oct 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Materials Chemistry