A dense and adhesive Al layer was successfully electrodeposited on a Mg alloy in aluminum chloride-1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ionic liquid. The corrosion resistance of the uncoated and Al-coated samples was evaluated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and potentiodynamic polarization measurements in 3.5 wt% NaCl solution. It was confirmed that the protective Al layer significantly reduces the corrosion rate of the Mg alloy. However, the deposition potential was a crucial factor that governed the structure and therefore the protection capability of the Al layer.
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