Electromagnetic gyrokinetic simulation in toroidal geometry is developed based on a fluid-kinetic hybrid electron model. The Alfven wave propagation in a fully global gyrokinetic particle simulation is investigated. In the long-wavelength magnetohydrodynamic limit, shear Alfven wave oscillations, continuum damping, and the appearance of the frequency gap in toroidal geometries are demonstrated. Wave propagation across the magnetic field (kinetic Alfven wave) is examined by comparing the simulation results with the theoretical dispersion relation. Furthermore, finite-beta stabilization of the ion temperature gradient mode and the onset of the kinetic ballooning mode are demonstrated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics