Electromigration-induced accelerated consumption of Cu pad in flip chip Sn2.6Ag solder joints

W. J. Deng, Kwang-Lung Lin, Y. T. Chiu, Y. S. Lai

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The electromigration-induced accelerate consumption of Cu pad in flip chip Sn2.6Ag solder joint was studied. The under bump metallization on the chip side was 0.5 μm Ti/0.1 μm Cu/2.0 μm Ni, and on the substrate side was 20 μm thick Cu pad. The current stressing was conducted at a current density of 1.0×104 A/cm2. The uneven consumption morphology of Cu pad formed after reflow results in local current crowding at the cathodic pad side. The merge of the small concavities gives rise to the large cavities and wavelike morphology of Cu pad. The effect of current crowding at the wave tip caused rapid consumption of Cu pad. The entire 20 μm Cu pad was consumed at the current crowding area after current stressing of 478 h at 1.0×10 4 A/cm2. A mechanism was proposed for the accelerate consumption of Cu pad due to current stressing.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2011 IEEE 61st Electronic Components and Technology Conference, ECTC 2011
Pages114-117
Number of pages4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jul 21
Event2011 61st Electronic Components and Technology Conference, ECTC 2011 - Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States
Duration: 2011 May 312011 Jun 3

Publication series

NameProceedings - Electronic Components and Technology Conference
ISSN (Print)0569-5503

Other

Other2011 61st Electronic Components and Technology Conference, ECTC 2011
CountryUnited States
CityLake Buena Vista, FL
Period11-05-3111-06-03

Fingerprint

Electromigration
Soldering alloys
Metallizing
Current density
Substrates

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Deng, W. J., Lin, K-L., Chiu, Y. T., & Lai, Y. S. (2011). Electromigration-induced accelerated consumption of Cu pad in flip chip Sn2.6Ag solder joints. In 2011 IEEE 61st Electronic Components and Technology Conference, ECTC 2011 (pp. 114-117). [5898500] (Proceedings - Electronic Components and Technology Conference). https://doi.org/10.1109/ECTC.2011.5898500
Deng, W. J. ; Lin, Kwang-Lung ; Chiu, Y. T. ; Lai, Y. S. / Electromigration-induced accelerated consumption of Cu pad in flip chip Sn2.6Ag solder joints. 2011 IEEE 61st Electronic Components and Technology Conference, ECTC 2011. 2011. pp. 114-117 (Proceedings - Electronic Components and Technology Conference).
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abstract = "The electromigration-induced accelerate consumption of Cu pad in flip chip Sn2.6Ag solder joint was studied. The under bump metallization on the chip side was 0.5 μm Ti/0.1 μm Cu/2.0 μm Ni, and on the substrate side was 20 μm thick Cu pad. The current stressing was conducted at a current density of 1.0×104 A/cm2. The uneven consumption morphology of Cu pad formed after reflow results in local current crowding at the cathodic pad side. The merge of the small concavities gives rise to the large cavities and wavelike morphology of Cu pad. The effect of current crowding at the wave tip caused rapid consumption of Cu pad. The entire 20 μm Cu pad was consumed at the current crowding area after current stressing of 478 h at 1.0×10 4 A/cm2. A mechanism was proposed for the accelerate consumption of Cu pad due to current stressing.",
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Deng, WJ, Lin, K-L, Chiu, YT & Lai, YS 2011, Electromigration-induced accelerated consumption of Cu pad in flip chip Sn2.6Ag solder joints. in 2011 IEEE 61st Electronic Components and Technology Conference, ECTC 2011., 5898500, Proceedings - Electronic Components and Technology Conference, pp. 114-117, 2011 61st Electronic Components and Technology Conference, ECTC 2011, Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States, 11-05-31. https://doi.org/10.1109/ECTC.2011.5898500

Electromigration-induced accelerated consumption of Cu pad in flip chip Sn2.6Ag solder joints. / Deng, W. J.; Lin, Kwang-Lung; Chiu, Y. T.; Lai, Y. S.

2011 IEEE 61st Electronic Components and Technology Conference, ECTC 2011. 2011. p. 114-117 5898500 (Proceedings - Electronic Components and Technology Conference).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Deng WJ, Lin K-L, Chiu YT, Lai YS. Electromigration-induced accelerated consumption of Cu pad in flip chip Sn2.6Ag solder joints. In 2011 IEEE 61st Electronic Components and Technology Conference, ECTC 2011. 2011. p. 114-117. 5898500. (Proceedings - Electronic Components and Technology Conference). https://doi.org/10.1109/ECTC.2011.5898500