Electron heat transport in improved confinement discharges in DIII-D

B. W. Stallard, C. M. Greenfield, G. M. Staebler, C. L. Rettig, M. S. Chu, M. E. Austin, D. R. Baker, L. R. Baylor, K. H. Burrell, J. C. DeBoo, J. S. DeGrassie, E. J. Doyle, J. Lohr, G. R. McKee, R. L. Miller, W. A. Peebles, C. C. Petty, R. I. Pinsker, B. W. Rice, T. L. RhodesR. E. Waltz, L. Zeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In DIII-D [J. L. Luxon and L. G. Davis, Fusion Technol. 8, 441 (1985)] tokamak plasmas with an internal transport barrier (ITB), the comparison of gyrokinetic linear stability (GKS) predictions with experiments in both low and strong negative magnetic shear plasmas provide improved understanding for electron thermal transport within the plasma. Within a limited region just inside the ITB, the electron temperature gradient (ETG) modes appear to control the electron temperature gradient and, consequently, the electron thermal transport. The increase in the electron temperaturegradient with more strongly negative magnetic shear is consistent with the increase in the ETG mode marginal gradient. Closer to the magnetic axis the Te profile flattens and the ETG modes are predicted to be stable. With additional core electron heating, FIR scattering measurements near the axis show the presence of high k fluctuations (12 cm-1), rotating in the electron diamagnetic drift direction. This turbulence could impact electron transport and possibly also ion transport. Thermal diffusivities for electrons, and to a lesser degree ions, increase. The ETG mode can exist at this wave number, but it is computed to be robustly stable near the axis. Consequently, in the plasmas we have examined, calculations of drift wave linear stability do not explain the observed transport near the axis in plasmas with or without additional electron heating, and there are probably other processes controling transport in this region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1978-1984
Number of pages7
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume6
Issue number5 I
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 May

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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