This review tended to decipher the expression of electron transfer capability (e.g., biofilm formation, electron shuttles, swarming motility, dye decolorization, bioelectricity generation) to microbial fuel cells (MFCs). As mixed culture were known to perform better than pure microbial cultures for optimal expression of electrochemically stable activities to pollutant degradation and bioenergy recycling, Proteus hauseri isolated as a “keystone species” to maintain such ecologically stable potential for power generation in MFCs was characterized. P. hauseri expressed outstanding performance of electron transfer (ET)-associated characteristics [e.g., reductive decolorization (RD) and bioelectricity generation (BG)] for electrochemically steered bioremediation even though it is not a nanowire-generating bacterium. This review tended to uncover taxonomic classification, genetic or genomic characteristics, enzymatic functions, and bioelectricity-generating capabilities of Proteus spp. with perspectives for electrochemical practicability. As a matter of fact, using MFCs as a tool to evaluate ET capabilities, dye decolorizer(s) could clearly express excellent performance of simultaneous bioelectricity generation and reductive decolorization (SBG and RD) due to feedback catalysis of residual decolorized metabolites (DMs) as electron shuttles (ESs). Moreover, the presence of reduced intermediates of nitroaromatics or DMs as ESs could synergistically augment efficiency of reductive decolorization and power generation. With swarming mobility, P. hauseri could own significant biofilm-forming capability to sustain ecologically stable consortia for RD and BG. This mini-review evidently provided lost episodes of great significance about bioenergy-steered applications in myriads of fields (e.g., biodegradation, biorefinery, and electro-fermentation).[Figure not available: see fulltext.].
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Biomedical Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment