o-Alkoxybenzyl carbocations 1 and 2 were generated by laser flash photolysis of the corresponding o-alkoxybenzyl alcohols 3 and 4 to understand how the electron-withdrawing β-substituent, the ring-strain, and the ortho effects affect the reactivity (electrophilicity), selectivity, and stability of 1 and 2, and to fit the electrophilicity of 1 and 2 into the current carbocation electrophilicity scale (E). Our finding is that both the electron-withdrawing β-substituent and the ring-strain effects make 1 less stable than 2 by 3.0 kcal/mol. These effects plus the ortho effect of 2 make 1 more reactive than 2, but the selectivity of 1 and 2 toward amine nucleophiles is almost the same within experimental errors. The electrophilicity of 1 and 2 has been fit into the current carbocation electrophilicity scale (E) quite well. (Chemical Equation Presented).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry