Elevated particulate organic carbon export flux induced by internal waves in the oligotrophic northern South China Sea

Dewang Li, Wen Chen Chou, Yung Yen Shih, Guan Yu Chen, Yi Chang, Chun Hoe Chow, Tsang Yuh Lin, Chin Chang Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To understand the biogeochemical response to internal waves in the deep basin of the northern South China Sea (NSCS), particulate organic carbon (POC) export fluxes were quantified for the first time during the passage of large internal waves using drifting sediment traps attached with hydrographic sensors. Results revealed large variations in temperature, nitrate and chlorophyll a (Chl a) concentrations during and after internal waves, suggesting that cold nutrient-replete waters may be brought to the euphotic zone in the dissipation zone during and after the passage of internal wave packets, resulted in phytoplankton flourished. Most importantly, POC export fluxes (110.9 ± 10.7 mg C m-2 d-1) were significantly enhanced after internal waves compared to non-internal wave area (32.6-73.0 mg C m-2 d-1) in the NSCS. Such elevated POC fluxes may be induced by downward flourished biogenic particles, particle aggregation or converged particles from mixed layer triggered by internal waves.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2042
JournalScientific reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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