Elevated platelet galectin-3 and rho-associated protein kinase activity are associated with hemodialysis arteriovenous shunt dysfunction among subjects with diabetes mellitus

Po Wei Chen, Ling Wei Hsu, Hsien Yuan Chang, Ting Chun Huang, Jia Rong Yu, Hsin Yu Liao, Cheng Han Lee, Ping Yen Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction. Hyperglycemia is a major factor in influencing the patency rate of arteriovenous shunts, potentially associated with the RhoA/Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) pathway. Besides, galectin-3 mediates thrombotic mechanisms in venous thrombosis and peripheral artery disease. We hypothesized that high ROCK activity and galectin-3 levels are associated with arteriovenous shunt dysfunction. Methods. We prospectively enrolled 38 patients diagnosed with arteriovenous shunt dysfunction. 29 patients received a complete follow-up and each provided two blood samples, which were collected at the first visit for occluded status of arteriovenous shunts and 1 month later for patent status. A Western blot assay for a myosin phosphatase target subunit (MYPT) was performed to examine Rho-kinase activity. A Western blot assay for platelet galectin-3 and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for circulating galectin-3 were completed. Results. Higher platelet MYPT ratios and galectin-3 levels were identified at occluded arteriovenous shunts (MYPT ratio: 0.5 [0.3-1.4] vs. 0.4 [0.3-0.6], p = 0.01; galectin-3: 1.2 [0.4-1.6] vs. 0.7 [0.1-1.2], p = 0.0004). The plasma galectin-3 binding protein ELISA was also higher at occluded arteriovenous shunts (8.4 [6.0-9.7] μg/mL vs. 7.1 [4.5-9.1] μg/mL, p = 0.009). Biomarker ratios (occluded/patent status) trended high in patients with poorly controlled diabetes (MYPT ratio: 1.7 [1.0-3.0] vs. 1.1 [0.7-1.3], p = 0.06; galectin-3: 1.6 [1.3-3.4] vs. 1.1 [0.8-1.9], p = 0.05). Conclusion. High platelet ROCK activity and galectin-3 levels are associated with increased risk in arteriovenous shunt dysfunction, especially in patients with poorly controlled diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8952414
JournalBioMed research international
Volume2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Galectin 3
rho-Associated Kinases
Medical problems
Platelets
Protein Kinases
Renal Dialysis
Diabetes Mellitus
Blood Platelets
Myosin-Light-Chain Phosphatase
Assays
Immunosorbents
Western Blotting
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Peripheral Arterial Disease
Biomarkers
Enzymes
Venous Thrombosis
Hyperglycemia
Carrier Proteins
Blood

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

@article{067c7894f70f4c1ea2176f8d81686665,
title = "Elevated platelet galectin-3 and rho-associated protein kinase activity are associated with hemodialysis arteriovenous shunt dysfunction among subjects with diabetes mellitus",
abstract = "Introduction. Hyperglycemia is a major factor in influencing the patency rate of arteriovenous shunts, potentially associated with the RhoA/Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) pathway. Besides, galectin-3 mediates thrombotic mechanisms in venous thrombosis and peripheral artery disease. We hypothesized that high ROCK activity and galectin-3 levels are associated with arteriovenous shunt dysfunction. Methods. We prospectively enrolled 38 patients diagnosed with arteriovenous shunt dysfunction. 29 patients received a complete follow-up and each provided two blood samples, which were collected at the first visit for occluded status of arteriovenous shunts and 1 month later for patent status. A Western blot assay for a myosin phosphatase target subunit (MYPT) was performed to examine Rho-kinase activity. A Western blot assay for platelet galectin-3 and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for circulating galectin-3 were completed. Results. Higher platelet MYPT ratios and galectin-3 levels were identified at occluded arteriovenous shunts (MYPT ratio: 0.5 [0.3-1.4] vs. 0.4 [0.3-0.6], p = 0.01; galectin-3: 1.2 [0.4-1.6] vs. 0.7 [0.1-1.2], p = 0.0004). The plasma galectin-3 binding protein ELISA was also higher at occluded arteriovenous shunts (8.4 [6.0-9.7] μg/mL vs. 7.1 [4.5-9.1] μg/mL, p = 0.009). Biomarker ratios (occluded/patent status) trended high in patients with poorly controlled diabetes (MYPT ratio: 1.7 [1.0-3.0] vs. 1.1 [0.7-1.3], p = 0.06; galectin-3: 1.6 [1.3-3.4] vs. 1.1 [0.8-1.9], p = 0.05). Conclusion. High platelet ROCK activity and galectin-3 levels are associated with increased risk in arteriovenous shunt dysfunction, especially in patients with poorly controlled diabetes.",
author = "Chen, {Po Wei} and Hsu, {Ling Wei} and Chang, {Hsien Yuan} and Huang, {Ting Chun} and Yu, {Jia Rong} and Liao, {Hsin Yu} and Lee, {Cheng Han} and Liu, {Ping Yen}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1155/2019/8952414",
language = "English",
volume = "2019",
journal = "BioMed Research International",
issn = "2314-6133",
publisher = "Hindawi Publishing Corporation",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Elevated platelet galectin-3 and rho-associated protein kinase activity are associated with hemodialysis arteriovenous shunt dysfunction among subjects with diabetes mellitus

AU - Chen, Po Wei

AU - Hsu, Ling Wei

AU - Chang, Hsien Yuan

AU - Huang, Ting Chun

AU - Yu, Jia Rong

AU - Liao, Hsin Yu

AU - Lee, Cheng Han

AU - Liu, Ping Yen

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Introduction. Hyperglycemia is a major factor in influencing the patency rate of arteriovenous shunts, potentially associated with the RhoA/Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) pathway. Besides, galectin-3 mediates thrombotic mechanisms in venous thrombosis and peripheral artery disease. We hypothesized that high ROCK activity and galectin-3 levels are associated with arteriovenous shunt dysfunction. Methods. We prospectively enrolled 38 patients diagnosed with arteriovenous shunt dysfunction. 29 patients received a complete follow-up and each provided two blood samples, which were collected at the first visit for occluded status of arteriovenous shunts and 1 month later for patent status. A Western blot assay for a myosin phosphatase target subunit (MYPT) was performed to examine Rho-kinase activity. A Western blot assay for platelet galectin-3 and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for circulating galectin-3 were completed. Results. Higher platelet MYPT ratios and galectin-3 levels were identified at occluded arteriovenous shunts (MYPT ratio: 0.5 [0.3-1.4] vs. 0.4 [0.3-0.6], p = 0.01; galectin-3: 1.2 [0.4-1.6] vs. 0.7 [0.1-1.2], p = 0.0004). The plasma galectin-3 binding protein ELISA was also higher at occluded arteriovenous shunts (8.4 [6.0-9.7] μg/mL vs. 7.1 [4.5-9.1] μg/mL, p = 0.009). Biomarker ratios (occluded/patent status) trended high in patients with poorly controlled diabetes (MYPT ratio: 1.7 [1.0-3.0] vs. 1.1 [0.7-1.3], p = 0.06; galectin-3: 1.6 [1.3-3.4] vs. 1.1 [0.8-1.9], p = 0.05). Conclusion. High platelet ROCK activity and galectin-3 levels are associated with increased risk in arteriovenous shunt dysfunction, especially in patients with poorly controlled diabetes.

AB - Introduction. Hyperglycemia is a major factor in influencing the patency rate of arteriovenous shunts, potentially associated with the RhoA/Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) pathway. Besides, galectin-3 mediates thrombotic mechanisms in venous thrombosis and peripheral artery disease. We hypothesized that high ROCK activity and galectin-3 levels are associated with arteriovenous shunt dysfunction. Methods. We prospectively enrolled 38 patients diagnosed with arteriovenous shunt dysfunction. 29 patients received a complete follow-up and each provided two blood samples, which were collected at the first visit for occluded status of arteriovenous shunts and 1 month later for patent status. A Western blot assay for a myosin phosphatase target subunit (MYPT) was performed to examine Rho-kinase activity. A Western blot assay for platelet galectin-3 and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for circulating galectin-3 were completed. Results. Higher platelet MYPT ratios and galectin-3 levels were identified at occluded arteriovenous shunts (MYPT ratio: 0.5 [0.3-1.4] vs. 0.4 [0.3-0.6], p = 0.01; galectin-3: 1.2 [0.4-1.6] vs. 0.7 [0.1-1.2], p = 0.0004). The plasma galectin-3 binding protein ELISA was also higher at occluded arteriovenous shunts (8.4 [6.0-9.7] μg/mL vs. 7.1 [4.5-9.1] μg/mL, p = 0.009). Biomarker ratios (occluded/patent status) trended high in patients with poorly controlled diabetes (MYPT ratio: 1.7 [1.0-3.0] vs. 1.1 [0.7-1.3], p = 0.06; galectin-3: 1.6 [1.3-3.4] vs. 1.1 [0.8-1.9], p = 0.05). Conclusion. High platelet ROCK activity and galectin-3 levels are associated with increased risk in arteriovenous shunt dysfunction, especially in patients with poorly controlled diabetes.

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U2 - 10.1155/2019/8952414

DO - 10.1155/2019/8952414

M3 - Article

C2 - 31080833

AN - SCOPUS:85065638584

VL - 2019

JO - BioMed Research International

JF - BioMed Research International

SN - 2314-6133

M1 - 8952414

ER -