This study elucidates the epitaxial growth structure and chemical state of Co on the ZnO(101̄0) surface by using scanning tunneling microscopy, reflection high-energy electron diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy. The well-ordered cobalt oxide (CoO x)(2 × 1) structure is formed at 0.5 ML Co coverage. Increasing the Co coverage from 0.7 to 1 ML allows for the surface characterization by the Co stripe structure, while the Co metallic clusters are clearly developed above 3 ML Co coverage. Coverage-dependent measurements of the Co chemical state indicate that the initial Co mixed oxidation and metallic state exists at submonolayer and gradually transfers to a metallic Co-dominated state. The results also suggest that the initial growth mode is two-dimensional-like and bridged to three-dimensional at higher Co coverages.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films