An investigation of employers' awareness and compliance with occupational health and safety (OHS) regulations was conducted in a representative group of employers randomly selected from the manufacturing industry in Taiwan. A total of 1003 employers were interviewed by trained public health personnel. Ten questions related to perceptions of general OHS and five practices on OHS regulations were measured. The results of this study show that the employers were better aware of their responsibility for posting safety warnings, personal protection and providing safety and health equipment. They were less aware of their responsibility in minimizing injuries and accidents in the workplace and in not hiring someone who was found unfit for a certain job from pre-employment physical examination. Less than half of employers knew about regulations of environmental monitoring and even fewer had heard of Material Safety Data Sheets. Level of education and size of the plant were highly associated with employers' awareness of OHS and the awareness was the most significant predictor in the five practices of OHS regulations in this study. Promotion of employers' awareness of OHS in small sized industries in particular, is warranted to enhance better compliance, and a focus for these efforts is identified by this investigation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health