Energy efficient fog RAN (F-RAN) with Flexible BBU Resource Assignment for Latency Aware Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) Services

Chi Hung Lin, Wei Che Chien, Jen Yeu Chen, Chin Feng Lai, Han Chieh Chao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)


Cloud RAN (C-RAN) where Base Band Units (BBUs) are collocated in a computing/processing center remotely away from their correspondent Remote Radio Heads (RRHs) for the efficient resource sharing is the prevailing RAN (Radio Access Network) design for next generation mobile networks. However, in C- RAN, the possible high latency from a RRH to the centralized Cloud BBU pool is not desirable for some latency critical applications. Thus, several local and smaller BBU pools are necessary to be deployed close to the RRHs to constrain the latency. This RAN architecture is so-call Fog RAN (F-RAN). A Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) center can be deployed beside or nearby a F-RAN BBU pool for timely processing. In this paper, we tackle the BBU resource allocation problem (a modified bin packing problem) between the set of RRHs and the set of BBU pools in F-RAN so that only a minimal number of BBU pools, i.e., the bins in a bin packing problem, will be turned on to serve all RRHs and so to save the energy consumption. Also, for the stability and fault tolerance, in addition to saving energy, the proposed algorithms also perform load balancing amid serving BBU pools. Our extensive simulation results show that the proposed scheme for energy efficient BBU resource allocation is able to achieve the goal of saving energy consumption and load balancing.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE 90th Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC 2019 Fall - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728112206
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep
Event90th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC 2019 Fall - Honolulu, United States
Duration: 2019 Sep 222019 Sep 25

Publication series

NameIEEE Vehicular Technology Conference
ISSN (Print)1550-2252


Conference90th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC 2019 Fall
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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