Enhanced carbon capture, lipid and lutein production in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii under meso-thermophilic conditions using chaperone and CRISPRi system

Jia Yi Lin, I. Son Ng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microalgae are widely recognized as a promising bioresource for producing renewable fuels and chemicals. Microalgal biorefinery has tremendous potential for incorporation into circular bioeconomy, including sustainability, cascading use, and waste reduction. In this study, genetic engineering was used to enhance the growth, lipid and lutein productivity of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii including strains of CC400, PY9, pCHS, and PG. Notably, CRISPRi mediated on phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC1) gene to down-regulate the branch pathway from glycolysis to partitioning more carbon flux to lipid was explored under meso-thermophilic condition. The best chassis PGi, which has overexpressed chaperone GroELS and applied CRISPRi resulting in the highest biomass of 2.56 g/L and also boosted the lipids and lutein with 893 and 23.5 mg/L, respectively at 35°C. Finally, all strains with CRISPRi exhibited higher transcriptional levels of the crucial genes from photosynthesis, starch, lipid and lutein metabolism, thus reaching a CO2 assimilation of 1.087 g-CO2/g-DCW in mixotrophic condition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number129340
JournalBioresource technology
Volume384
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Sept

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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