Dual-gate organic thin-film transistors (DG-OTFTs) with enhanced functionality, including large current enhancement behavior, highly efficient threshold voltage controllability, and self-contained dual-mode logic gate features, are reported. These DG-OTFTs are based on a semiconducting/insulating polyblend-based active layer with asymmetric top and bottom charge modulation layers (atb-CMLs). The atb-CMLs are automatically generated through the preparation of multilayer stacks of phase-separated semiconducting poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT):insulating poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) polyblend layer, poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) layer, and cross-linked-poly(4-vinylphenol) (cPVP) layer. They consist of a thin PMMA bottom layer and an uneven-shaped PMMA:PVDF miscible mixture-based top layer. The presence of the polarizable insulating PMMA, PVDF, and PMMA:PVDF mixture regions causes the bottom and top CMLs to experience electrical polarization, which induces the dipole field to achieve efficient charge modulation functions in DG-OTFTs. Owing to the presence of atb-CMLs, the DG-OTFTs exhibit unprecedented electrical characteristics, such as the easy depletion of the bottom channel by the top gate potential. However, the top channel can work properly only when given a bottom gate potential (either positive or negative). Given these unusual electrical features, the design of the fundamental dual-mode logic gates (e.g., AND and OR gates) can be achieved with just one DG transistor. This finding opens an interesting direction for the preparation of DG-OTFTs with diverse operating modes and increasing functionality, thereby widening the application potential of such transistors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Materials Science