Enhanced luminescence of top-emission organic light emitting diodes with ZnS/Ag/ZnS structure

Wei Fan Liao, Jei Huang, Chih Jui Ni, Yoou Bin Guo, Chun Hao Teng, Franklin Chau-Nan Hong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The effect of ZnS/Ag/ZnS multiple-layer coating on the top-emitting top-cathode organic light emitting diodes (OLED) was studied. The OLED device consisted of Ag/CuPc:F4-TCNQ/NPB/Alq3/BCP/LiF/Al layers. All organic layers and electrodes were fabricated by thermal evaporation. F4-TCNQ was doped in the hole-injection layer (CuPc) to enhance hole injection, since the energy barrier between Ag and CuPc was high. ZnS layer was first deposited on the top cathode (Al) and found to enhance the light emission of the OLED by 50% (from 10,000 cd/m2 to 15,000 cd/m2). The high-refractive index dielectric material as a capping layer enhances light output for the semitransparent cathode. ZnS/Ag/ZnS multi-layer cathode with photon tunneling characteristics were added on top of Al cathode, and found to further enhance the light emission up to 20,000 cd/m2 at 13V for Al/ZnS/Ag/ZnS (17/37/8/37 nm) layers with maximum current efficiency of 2.6 cd/A. Coupling of surface plasmon modes may occur in the ZnS/Ag/ZnS structure. By increasing Ag layer thickness to compensate the reduction of Al layer thickness, the Al/ZnS/Ag/ZnS (7/37/15/37 nm) cathode was used, and found to achieve the maximum brightness of 31,000cd/m2 at 15V and a maximum current efficiency at 5.6 cd/A. The increase of luminescence efficiency is likely due to high photon tunneling efficiency of Ag as well as its high electric conductivity improving the electron injection.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOptoelectronic Devices
Subtitle of host publicationPhysics, Fabrication, and Application IV
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Dec 1
EventOptoelectronic Devices: Physics, Fabrication, and Application IV - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: 2007 Sep 112007 Sep 11

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


OtherOptoelectronic Devices: Physics, Fabrication, and Application IV
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBoston, MA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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