Self-assembled secondary ZnO nanoparticles, recognized with the agglomeration of crystalline subcrystals, are successfully synthesized by a simple sol-gel method. TEM images display that one artificial cluster behaves in a single-crystal-like wurtzite structure because subcrystals coagulate as the same crystal orientation. Moreover, from the resonant Raman scattering, the as-grown sample exhibits phonon red shift; meanwhile, the coupling strength between electron and longitudinal optical phonon, determined by the ratio of second-to first-order Raman scattering cross sections, diminishes compared with the samples after postannealing at 350 and 500°C. The size dependence of electron-phonon coupling is principally as a result of the Fröhlich interaction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry