Enhanced response and selectivity of H2S sensing through controlled Ni doping into ZnO nanorods by using single metal organic precursors

Matin Roshanzamir Modaberi, Reza Rooydell, Sanjaya Brahma, Amos A. Akande, Bonex W. Mwakikunga, Chuan Pu Liu

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31 Citations (Scopus)


We report on enhancing the selectivity and response of room (23 °C) and high temperature H2S gas sensing through controlled Ni doping (0–10 at%) into ZnO nanorods (NRs) grown with a facile solution growth method using a single hybrid bimetallic metal-organic precursor (nickel/zinc acetylacetonate). The morphology, microstructure, surface chemistry and photoluminescence properties of the as-grown NRs are extensively examined. The gas sensing results are discussed in terms of doping concentration, operating temperature, gas type, gas concentrations and relative humidity. The optimal response toward 100 ppm of H2S reaches 3.1 at 23 °C and increases to 45.3 at 200 °C for 8 at% Ni-doped ZnO NR sensors, where the corresponding response/recovery time at 23 °C and 200 °C also reaches 76/160 and 48/60 s, respectively. The same sensor exhibits high H2S selectivity over other gases, including CH4, CH3OH and C2H5OH. The enhancement of gas sensing is attributed to increasing the number of active sites for adsorption of oxygen and target gases on the surface through incorporation of Ni3+ over Ni2+ ions. At 23 °C, the sensing mechanism is related to the formation of a 7 nm-thick ZnS layer over the NRs through reactions between H2S and adsorbed oxygen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1278-1290
Number of pages13
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 10

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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