Background: Thrombolytic therapy reduces mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction, but significant limitations exist with the use of currently available agents. In the present report, we describe the thrombolytic and antithrombotic potencies of a hybrid recombinant plasminogen activator consisting of an antifibrin antibody 59D8 (AFA) and low-molecular- weight single-chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator (scuPA). Methods and Results: A thrombolysis model in which thrombi are performed in vivo in juvenile baboons was developed to compare the potencies of AFA-scuPA, recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rTPA), and recombinant scuPA (rscuPA) in lysing nonocclusive 111In-labeled platelet-rich arterial-type thrombi and 125I-labeled fibrin-rich venous-type thrombi. Systemic infusion of 1.89 nmol/kg AFA-scuPA produced thrombolysis that was comparable to that obtained with much higher doses of TPA (14.2 nmol/kg) and rscuPA (28.5 nmol/kg). When steady-state plasma concentrations are normalized, AFA- scuPA lyses thrombi sixfold more rapidly than scuPA and TPA (P<.001) and reduces the rare of formation more than comparable of rscuPA (P<.0001). At equivalent thrombolytic doses, AFA-scuPA produced fewer antihemostatic effects than either rTPA or rscuPA. Template bleeding time measurements were shorter (3.5±0.12 minutes for AFA-scuPA versus 5.3±3.6 and 5.2±0.04 minutes for rTPA and rscuPA, respectively; P<.05), α2-antiplasmin consumption was less (P<.05), and D-dimer generation was lower (P<.06). Conclusions: We conclude that antibody targeting of scuPA to fibrin increase thrombolytic and antithrombotic potencies with less impairment of hemostasis compared with rTPA and rscuPA.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)