Enhancement of peak effect in Y-Ba-Cu-O bulk materials by the addition of nano-sized Sm 2 O 3

Po Wei Chen, Shih Yun Chen, In-Gann Chen, Maw Kuen Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Recently, the significant peak effect was observed in the CeO 2 doped Y-Ba-Cu-O (YBCO) bulk materials grown using the infiltration growth (IG) method. The peak effect was attributed to the compositional fluctuations in the matrix, (Y,Sm)BCO. However, it was found that the peak effect was strongly spatially dependent. The inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) results show that the concentration of Sm ranges from 5.8 × 10 -2 to 7.0 × 10 -3 wt% within the bulk. Notably, the peak effect is only observed in specimens where the concentration of Sm is higher than 1.5 × 10 -2 wt%. The spatial distribution of Sm dissolved from the SmBCO seed is the result of the way in which the liquid (BaCuO 2 and CuO) flows during the melting process of the IG technique. To suppress the variation in the composition, nano-sized Sm 2O 3 particles are added to the precursor powders in this study. Microstructural analysis demonstrates that with the addition of nano-sized Sm 2O 3, the concentration of Sm can be enhanced to be higher than 1.5 × 10 -2 wt% within the bulk. Therefore, the peak effect can be observed throughout the bulk material. Besides, more symmetrical trapped magnetic field profiles can be obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3109-3114
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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