This research aimed to develop a direct-write near-field electrospinning system (DW-NFES) with three-axis positioning of controllable speed, torque and position to produce sizable and high-quality piezoelectric fibers for sensing purposes. Sensor devices with high electrical response signals were developed and tested. To achieve DW-NFES purpose, a servo motor controller was designed to develop a high response rate, accurate positioning, and stable mobile device through the calculation of bandwidth and system time delay. With this retooled system of DW-NFES, controllable and uniform size fibers in terms of diameters, stretching force, and interspaces can be obtained. Sensor devices can be made selectively without a complicated lithography process. The characteristics of this DW-NFES platform were featured by high response rate, accurate positioning, and stable movement to make fibers with high piezoelectric property. In this study, polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) was used to explore and enhance their sensing quality through the platform. The parametric study of the process factors on piezoelectric sensing signals mainly included the concentration of electrospinning PVDF solution, high voltage electric field, and collection speed. Finally, the surface morphology and piezoelectric properties of the as-electrospun PVDF fibers were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and characterized by electrical response measurement techniques. The results showed that the fiber spinning speed of the DW-NFES system could be increased to ~125 from ~20 mm/s and the accuracy precision was improved to ~1 from ~50 μm, compared to conventional step motor system. The fiber diameter reached ~10 μm, and the electrospinning pitch reached to as small as ~10 μm. The piezoelectric output voltage of the electrospun fibers was increased ~28.6% from ~97.2 to ~125 mV; the current was increased ~27.6% from ~163 to ~208 nA, suggesting that the piezoelectric signals can be enhanced significantly by using this retooled system. Finally, an external control module (Arduino-MAGE) was introduced to control the PVDF piezoelectric fiber sensors integrated as a sensing array. The behavior of long-term sedentary patients can be successfully detected by this module system to prevent the patients from the bedsores.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering