Enhancement of the spin-orbit torque efficiency in W/Cu/CoFeB heterostructures via interface engineering

Pei Yang, Qiming Shao, Guoqiang Yu, Congli He, Kin Wong, Xianyang Lu, Junran Zhang, Bo Liu, Hao Meng, Liang He, Kang L. Wang, Yongbing Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Here, the spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance signal and the spin Hall magnetoresistance induced by the spin Hall effect of W/Cu/CoFeB heterostructures with different Cu layer thicknesses (t Cu) have been systemically studied. The effective spin mixing conductance g eff, the interfacial spin transparency T, and the real spin-orbit torque efficiency (J s J c) real show a significant increase compared to the W/CoFeB heterostructure. (J s J c) real reaches its maximum of ∼0.54, increased up to ∼50% at the optimized t Cu ∼0.52 nm according to our theoretical prediction. More importantly, the intrinsic spin Hall angle of W, θ SH int ∼0.79 ± 0.20, has also been obtained after the correction of the inverse spin Hall effect and T. This suggests that the Cu insertion improves the interface quality and, therefore, assists the spin transport in the heterostructures, which potentially improves the performance of next-generation spintronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number082409
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume117
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug 24

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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