Enhancement of thermal conductivity in ceramics obtained from a combustion synthesized AlN powder by microwave sintering and reheating

Shyan-Lung Chung, Cheng Yu Hsieh, Chih Wei Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A combustion-synthesized AlN powder was investigated for use as a starting material in obtaining a high thermal conductivity AlN by microwave sintering followed by microwave reheating under a reducing atmosphere. Microwave sintering was found to proceed very quickly so that a density of 99.5% of theoretical with a thermal conductivity of 165 W/mK was achieved after sintering at 1900 °C for 5 min. The thermal conductivity could be improved by prolonging the soaking time, which is attributed to decreases in both oxygen content and secondary phases by evaporation and sublimation of the secondary phases. The reducing atmosphere was created by adding carbon particles to the AlN packing powder surrounding the specimen. The thermal conductivity could be significantly improved by microwave reheating of the sintered specimen under the reducing atmosphere. This is considered to be due to enhanced removal of the secondary phases by the reducing atmosphere. Sintering under the reducing atmosphere was found to retard densification because of the earlier removal of the secondary phases, thus resulting in a poor densification and a low thermal conductivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)819-827
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Powders
Thermal conductivity
sintering
thermal conductivity
Sintering
Microwaves
ceramics
microwaves
atmospheres
heating
augmentation
densification
Densification
soaking
Sublimation
sublimation
Evaporation
Carbon
evaporation
Oxygen

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "A combustion-synthesized AlN powder was investigated for use as a starting material in obtaining a high thermal conductivity AlN by microwave sintering followed by microwave reheating under a reducing atmosphere. Microwave sintering was found to proceed very quickly so that a density of 99.5{\%} of theoretical with a thermal conductivity of 165 W/mK was achieved after sintering at 1900 °C for 5 min. The thermal conductivity could be improved by prolonging the soaking time, which is attributed to decreases in both oxygen content and secondary phases by evaporation and sublimation of the secondary phases. The reducing atmosphere was created by adding carbon particles to the AlN packing powder surrounding the specimen. The thermal conductivity could be significantly improved by microwave reheating of the sintered specimen under the reducing atmosphere. This is considered to be due to enhanced removal of the secondary phases by the reducing atmosphere. Sintering under the reducing atmosphere was found to retard densification because of the earlier removal of the secondary phases, thus resulting in a poor densification and a low thermal conductivity.",
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Enhancement of thermal conductivity in ceramics obtained from a combustion synthesized AlN powder by microwave sintering and reheating. / Chung, Shyan-Lung; Hsieh, Cheng Yu; Chang, Chih Wei.

In: Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 23, No. 3, 01.03.2008, p. 819-827.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - A combustion-synthesized AlN powder was investigated for use as a starting material in obtaining a high thermal conductivity AlN by microwave sintering followed by microwave reheating under a reducing atmosphere. Microwave sintering was found to proceed very quickly so that a density of 99.5% of theoretical with a thermal conductivity of 165 W/mK was achieved after sintering at 1900 °C for 5 min. The thermal conductivity could be improved by prolonging the soaking time, which is attributed to decreases in both oxygen content and secondary phases by evaporation and sublimation of the secondary phases. The reducing atmosphere was created by adding carbon particles to the AlN packing powder surrounding the specimen. The thermal conductivity could be significantly improved by microwave reheating of the sintered specimen under the reducing atmosphere. This is considered to be due to enhanced removal of the secondary phases by the reducing atmosphere. Sintering under the reducing atmosphere was found to retard densification because of the earlier removal of the secondary phases, thus resulting in a poor densification and a low thermal conductivity.

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