Enhancing Fan Engagement in a 5G Stadium With AI-Based Technologies and Live Streaming

Cheng Wen Wu, Ming Der Shieh, Jenn Jier James Lien, Jar Ferr Yang, Wei Ta Chu, Tsang Hai Huang, Han Chuan Hsieh, Hung Ta Chiu, Kuo Cheng Tu, Yen Ting Chen, Shian Yu Lin, Jia Jun Hu, Chen Huan Lin, Cheng Siang Jheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


We participated in Taiwan's National Intercollegiate Athletic Games (NIAG) in early May 2021, and formed a Sport Technology Team of more than 30 scholars, students, and engineers to provide novel systems and solutions that make the athletic games rich in sport technologies. Some of the features could be the first time shown to the Internet audience for large-scale athletic games. The technologies involved include table tennis ball trajectory and bounce distribution, badminton shuttlecock tracking and trajectory, augmented-reality enriched video streaming on social networks, real-time three-dimensional broadcasting with free view-angle, in-stadium video stream pushing by a private fifth-generation (5G) network with multiaccess edge computing, AI-based sport data analytics during live streaming, etc. All the technologies and applications are integrated in a novel technology-enhanced broadcasting system (TEBS) that is dedicated to sport events. This article introduces the respective technologies that we have developed, deployed, and demonstrated in the 2021 NIAG. We stress the layered architecture design and integration of the TEBS, as well as experimental results from real games in the smart stadium and swimming pool. We also discuss the technical challenges and our approaches to tackle them, as well as lessons learned.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6590-6601
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Systems Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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