Enhancing Resin Cement Adhesion to Zirconia by Oxygen Plasma-Aided Silicatization

Li Li Kang, Shu Fen Chuang, Chia Ling Li, Jui Che Lin, Ting Wen Lai, Ching Cheng Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The combinations of alumina particle air abrasion (AA) and a 10-methacryloyloxyidecyl-dihyidrogenphosphate (MDP) primer and a tribochemical silica coating (TSC) and a silane–base primer are contemporary pre-cementation treatments for zirconia restorations for bonding with resin cements. However, the stability of zirconia resists the mechanical or chemical preparations. The purpose of this study was to develop an atmospheric-pressure oxygen plasma (OP)-aided silicatization method to enhance the adhesion of resin cements to zirconia. Zirconia discs were prepared to receive surface treatments of different combinations: (1) AA or TSC (2) with or without OP treatment, and (3) a chemical primer (no primer, silane, or a silane–MDP mixture). The surface morphology, hydrophilicity, and chemical compositions were characterized, and the resin–zirconia bond strengths were examined either after 24 h or a thermocycling test. The results indicated that the OP treatment after the TSC facilitated the homogeneous distribution of silane and crosslinking of silica particles, and effectively improved the hydrophilicity. The OP increased the O and Si and reduced the C elemental contents, while the combination of TSC, OP, and silane induced SiOx generation. Among the groups, only the TSC-OP–silane treatment effectively enhanced the bond strength and maintained the adhesion after thermocycling. With these results, the OP aided the silicatization protocol effectively, generated silane crosslinking, and resulted in superior resin–zirconia bond strength and durability compared to the current treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5568
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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