Enhancing the performance of electrodeposited CuInSe2 solar cells by suppressing secondary phases using sodium dodecyl sulfate

Pin Kun Hung, Chien Hui Huang, Mau Phon Houng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


CuInSe2 thin films were prepared on Mo-coated glass substrates using pulse electrodeposition with an aqueous solution containing sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) as an additive. The effect of SDS on the electrochemistry mechanism that inhibits secondary phases (CuxSey) was examined using cyclic voltammetry, which indicated that SDS can inhibit the reduction of Cu2+ and H2SeO3 and prohibit the formation of secondary phases. Scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy revealed that the cracks and roughness of CuInSe2 films decreased considerably after adding SDS into the electrolyte. The suppression of secondary phases was also observed using X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The optical bandgap values of the CuInSe2 films were measured using a UV-vis-NIR spectrophotometer; the bandgap values of the films deposited in the electrolyte with 0 and 1 mM SDS were approximately 0.96 and 1.05 eV, respectively. As expected, based on these differences, the CuInSe 2 solar cell with the Al/AZO/i-ZnO/CdS/CuInSe2/Mo/glass structure derived from precursor film deposited in an electrolyte containing SDS demonstrated greater efficiency (η = 2.51 %) than that of the cell derived from precursor film deposited in an electrolyte without SDS (η = 0.63 %).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1848-1855
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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