Entropy generation from hydrogen production of catalytic partial oxidation of methane with excess enthalpy recovery

Wei Hsin Chen, Yun Chuan Cheng, Chen I. Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Catalytic partial oxidation of methane (CPOM) is an important route for producing hydrogen and it is featured by autothermal reaction. To recognize the reaction characteristics of CPOM, H2 production and entropy generation from CPOM in Swiss-roll reactors are studied numerically. The considered parameters affecting the performance of CPOM include the excess enthalpy recovery, gas hourly space velocity (GHSV), number of turns and atomic O/C ratio. The impact of chemical reactions, heat transfer and friction on entropy generation is also analyzed. The results indicate that preheating reactants through waste heat recovery as well as increasing GHSV or number of turns is conducive to enhancing H2 yield, whereas the maximum H 2 yield develops at O/C = 1.2. A higher H2 yield is always accompanied by a higher value of entropy generation, and chemical reactions are the main source of entropy generation, especially from steam methane reforming. In contrast, viscous dissipation almost plays no part on entropy generation, compared to heat transfer and chemical reactions. From the analysis of entropy generation, detailed mechanisms of H2 production from CPOM can be figured out.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14167-14177
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume37
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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