Epidemiology and patterns of facial fractures due to road traffic accidents in Taiwan

A 15-year retrospective study

Cheng San Yang, Solomon Chih Cheng Chen, Yung Cheng Yang, Li Chung Huang, How-Ran Guo, Hsin Yi Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The facial region is a commonly fractured site, but the etiology varies widely by country and geographic region. To date, there are no population-based studies of facial fractures in Taiwan. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of patients diagnosed with facial fracture and registered in the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan between 1997 and 2011. The epidemiological characteristics of this cohort were analyzed, including the etiology, fracture site, associated injuries, and sex and age distributions. Results: A total of 6,013 cases were identified that involved facial fractures. Most patients were male (69.8%), aged 18–29 years (35.8%), and had fractures caused by road traffic accidents (RTAs; 55.2%), particularly motorcycle accidents (31.5%). Falls increased in frequency with advancing age, reaching 23.9% among the elderly (age > 65 years). The most common sites of involvement were the malar and maxillary bones (54.0%), but nasal bone fractures were more common among those younger than 18 years. Conclusion: Most facial injuries in Taiwan occur in young males and typically result from RTAs, particularly involving motorcycles. However, with increasing age, there is an increase in the proportion of facial injuries due to falls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)724-729
Number of pages6
JournalTraffic Injury Prevention
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 3

Fingerprint

Epidemiology
Highway accidents
Traffic Accidents
traffic accident
road traffic
epidemiology
Taiwan
Facial Injuries
Motorcycles
Retrospective Studies
motorcycle
etiology
Nasal Bone
Zygoma
Sex Distribution
Rapid thermal annealing
Bone Fractures
Age Distribution
National Health Programs
Maxilla

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Yang, Cheng San ; Chen, Solomon Chih Cheng ; Yang, Yung Cheng ; Huang, Li Chung ; Guo, How-Ran ; Yang, Hsin Yi. / Epidemiology and patterns of facial fractures due to road traffic accidents in Taiwan : A 15-year retrospective study. In: Traffic Injury Prevention. 2017 ; Vol. 18, No. 7. pp. 724-729.
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abstract = "Objective: The facial region is a commonly fractured site, but the etiology varies widely by country and geographic region. To date, there are no population-based studies of facial fractures in Taiwan. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of patients diagnosed with facial fracture and registered in the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan between 1997 and 2011. The epidemiological characteristics of this cohort were analyzed, including the etiology, fracture site, associated injuries, and sex and age distributions. Results: A total of 6,013 cases were identified that involved facial fractures. Most patients were male (69.8{\%}), aged 18–29 years (35.8{\%}), and had fractures caused by road traffic accidents (RTAs; 55.2{\%}), particularly motorcycle accidents (31.5{\%}). Falls increased in frequency with advancing age, reaching 23.9{\%} among the elderly (age > 65 years). The most common sites of involvement were the malar and maxillary bones (54.0{\%}), but nasal bone fractures were more common among those younger than 18 years. Conclusion: Most facial injuries in Taiwan occur in young males and typically result from RTAs, particularly involving motorcycles. However, with increasing age, there is an increase in the proportion of facial injuries due to falls.",
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Epidemiology and patterns of facial fractures due to road traffic accidents in Taiwan : A 15-year retrospective study. / Yang, Cheng San; Chen, Solomon Chih Cheng; Yang, Yung Cheng; Huang, Li Chung; Guo, How-Ran; Yang, Hsin Yi.

In: Traffic Injury Prevention, Vol. 18, No. 7, 03.10.2017, p. 724-729.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Objective: The facial region is a commonly fractured site, but the etiology varies widely by country and geographic region. To date, there are no population-based studies of facial fractures in Taiwan. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of patients diagnosed with facial fracture and registered in the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan between 1997 and 2011. The epidemiological characteristics of this cohort were analyzed, including the etiology, fracture site, associated injuries, and sex and age distributions. Results: A total of 6,013 cases were identified that involved facial fractures. Most patients were male (69.8%), aged 18–29 years (35.8%), and had fractures caused by road traffic accidents (RTAs; 55.2%), particularly motorcycle accidents (31.5%). Falls increased in frequency with advancing age, reaching 23.9% among the elderly (age > 65 years). The most common sites of involvement were the malar and maxillary bones (54.0%), but nasal bone fractures were more common among those younger than 18 years. Conclusion: Most facial injuries in Taiwan occur in young males and typically result from RTAs, particularly involving motorcycles. However, with increasing age, there is an increase in the proportion of facial injuries due to falls.

AB - Objective: The facial region is a commonly fractured site, but the etiology varies widely by country and geographic region. To date, there are no population-based studies of facial fractures in Taiwan. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of patients diagnosed with facial fracture and registered in the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan between 1997 and 2011. The epidemiological characteristics of this cohort were analyzed, including the etiology, fracture site, associated injuries, and sex and age distributions. Results: A total of 6,013 cases were identified that involved facial fractures. Most patients were male (69.8%), aged 18–29 years (35.8%), and had fractures caused by road traffic accidents (RTAs; 55.2%), particularly motorcycle accidents (31.5%). Falls increased in frequency with advancing age, reaching 23.9% among the elderly (age > 65 years). The most common sites of involvement were the malar and maxillary bones (54.0%), but nasal bone fractures were more common among those younger than 18 years. Conclusion: Most facial injuries in Taiwan occur in young males and typically result from RTAs, particularly involving motorcycles. However, with increasing age, there is an increase in the proportion of facial injuries due to falls.

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