Group 1 allergen from Dermatophagoid pteronyssinus (Der p 1) belongs to the papain-like cysteine protease family and is a major cause of allergic rhinitis and asthma. An anti-Der p 1 monoclonal antibody, mAb W108, was selected and isolated from Der p-specific IgG2b-producing hybridoma clones. Two-dimensional electrophoresis and immunoblotting showed that mAb W108 reacted with four components of Der p extracts with a molecular mass of 35 kDa and pI values varying from 4 to 6; it also reacted with IgE antibodies in the sera of Der p-sensitive patients. In the competitive assay and using azocasein as a substrate, we found that mAb W108 inhibited not only the binding of Der p 1, but also its cysteine protease activity in a dose-dependent manner. The two peptide segments of Der p 1 identified by mAb W108 (aa 151-197 and 286-320) were parts of inter-connecting loops located in the substrate-binding cleft and on the surface of the domain comprising mainly β-sheets. From the predicted interaction between the amino acid sequence in the CDR3 of mAb W108 and Der p 1-binding epitopes, the possible binding sites for mAb W108 to Der p 1 may sterically hinder the IgE epitope and the active site of cysteine protease activity. Administration of mAb W108 in the Der p-sensitized murine model of asthma alleviated allergen-induced airway inflammation and the Th2 cytokine immune response, suggesting its therapeutic potential. These findings can provide new insights into understanding IgE-mediated disease and the design of modified allergen vaccines for future allergen-specific immunotherapy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery