Estimating Life Expectancy and Lifetime Healthcare Costs for Alzheimer's Disease in Taiwan: Does the Age of Disease Onset Matter?

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Abstract

Background: People with early onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD) seem to suffer greater impact. But there is a lack of population-based studies on loss of life expectancy (LE) and lifetime healthcare costs. Objectives: We conducted this study to estimate LE, expected years of life lost (EYLL), and lifetime healthcare costs for Alzheimer's disease (AD) in Taiwan stratified by onset age and gender, using a method which integrates the product of the survival function and the mean cost function over a lifetime horizon. Methods: We linked the National Health Insurance datasets with the National Mortality Registry and extrapolated the survival to lifetime to estimate the mean cumulative costs since the date of the first AD diagnosis using medical claims between 2001 and 2012. Results: A total of 21,615 mild to moderate AD patients (including 20,358 late-onset (LOAD) and 1,257 EOAD) were recruited. The average onset age for EOAD was 61 years old, while that of LOAD was 78. Although the LE of EOAD was 4.8 years longer than that of LOAD due to younger age, the EYLL for the former was 8.7 years versus 1.7 years for the latter. EOAD also had higher lifetime healthcare costs than the LOAD group (USD37,957±2,403 versus 33,809±786). Conclusions: Since EOAD patients had both higher EYLL and lifetime healthcare costs than LOAD, future studies should pay more attention to the needs of EOAD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-315
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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